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Table 1 Description of variables and expected sign

From: Factors influencing farmers’ behavior in rice seed selling in the market: a case study in the Tarai region of Nepald

Variables Definition Mean ± SD Expected sign
Seed sold Amount of rice seed sold by farmers (kg) 1,356.7 ± 144.3  
Seed selling 1 = if they sell the seed, 0 for otherwise 65.8 ± 0.47  
Age HHH Age of HHH in years 46.83 ± 11.43 +
Education HHH Formal schooling years of HHH 7.96 ± 4.02 +
Family labor Labor force unit (LFU)2 at household 3.44 ± 1.44 +
Cultivated land Total operational land for rice seed production (ha) 0.95 ± 0.36 +
Off-farm income Annual cash income of household members from off-farm sources (NRs) 42,998 ± 38,234 +
Irrigation % operational land area under irrigation facility 54.5 ± 26.8 +
Livestock Livestock standard unit (LSU)1 3.86 ± 5.77 +
Training 1 = if household received seed management training, 0 = otherwise 0.783 ± 0.413 +
Share 1 = If farmers put share in CBSPOs, 0 = otherwise 0.644 ± 0.480 +
Roof type 1 = if households have concrete roof and o = otherwise 0.338 ± 0.645 +
Seed price Price of rice seed (NRs per kg) 18.02 ± 2.81 +
  1. 1 US$ = NRs. 82.96 (Nepal Rastra Bank, 2011.11.30).
  2. Source: Field survey, 2011.