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Table 4 Time preference proxies and elicitation methods in obesity studies

From: Time preferences and health behaviour: a review

Study Subject Elicitation Method/Proxies
(Ayyagari et al. 2011) Diabetes Management (Obesity) Agreement to “I live life one day at a time and don’t think much about the future”
(Sloan et al. 2009) Diabetes Management (Obesity) Agreement to “I live life one day at a time and don’t think much about the future”
(Zhang and Rashad 2008) Obesity Time preference proxies: degree of willpower and “desire but no effort”
(Komlos et al. 2004) Obesity Time preference proxies: Savings and debt-to-income ratio
(Huston and Finke 2003) Obesity Time preference proxies: “Level of formal education, smoking, exercising and using nutrition labels on a regular basis, and the degree of nutrition knowledge…”