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Table 5 Time preference proxies and elicitation methods in smoking studies

From: Time preferences and health behaviour: a review

Study Subject Elicitation Method/Proxies
(Scharff and Viscusi 2011) Smoking “Workers’ wage fatality risk trade-offs” (Implied time discount rate for nonsmokers was 8.1% compared to 13.8% for smokers)
(Ida and Goto 2009b) Smoking Discrete choice experiment to measure time and risk preferences
(Adams 2009b, p. 530) Smoking Response to “In planning your/your family’s saving and spending, which of the following time periods is more important to you and your husband/wife/partner?”
(Goto et al. 2009) Smoking Discrete choice experiment to measure time and risk preferences
(Khwaja et al. 2007, p. 935) Smoking Financial Intertemporal Choices; Health Intertemporal Choices (e.g. “20 extra days in perfect health this year would be just as good as __ extra days in perfect health x year(s) from now”)
(Fersterer and Winter-Ebmer 2003) Smoking and Education Smoking status at 16 years of age