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Table 2 Factors with the largest influence on the development of organic farming (OF) in CEEC

From: Institutional barriers to organic farming in Central and Eastern European countries of the Baltic Sea region

Rank Type Factors Scale  
1 F Public investment in processing of organic products Domestic ++
2 M Consumer demand for organic products Domestic ++
3 F/M Public investment for marketing of organic products Domestic ++
4 S Integration of OF in national rural development plan Domestic +
5 F Area payment for conversion to OF Domestic +
6 F Public expenditure in extension services and training Domestic ++
7 F Public investment in research and development in OF Domestic ++
8 M Consumer concerns about food quality, food safety, environmental protection and animal welfare Domestic ++
9 F Area payment for maintenance of OF Domestic +
10 M Link between producers and retailers Domestic +
11 M Consumer demand for organic products EU +
12 P Availability of organic producers’ association Domestic ++
13 P Political power of organic producers’ association Domestic +
14 M Consumer concerns about food quality, food safety, environmental protection and animal welfare EU +
15 F Other financial help (e.g. guarantee loan, compensation for lost crop, etc.) Domestic +
  1. Based on questionnaire results. The type (F = financial support, M = market development, S = strategic support, P = production characteristic), the scale at which they function (domestic or EU) and the estimate of how much they need to change (“--“decrease significantly, “-“decrease, “=” do not need to change, “+” increase, “++” increase significantly) are also shown.