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Table 3 Indicator 1–5 describing the institutions of the civil society domain

From: Institutional barriers to organic farming in Central and Eastern European countries of the Baltic Sea region

   Estonia Latvia Lithuania Poland Sweden
1 Introduction of 1st private standard 1989 1994 1992 1994 1985
2 Number of national producers’ associations 2 1 1 7 3
3 Power of producers’ associations Need to be increased Need to be increased Need to be increased Need to be increased Good
4 Private standard can still be used No No Yes Yes Yes
5 Proportion of organic farmers in producers’ associations 10-15% ≈ 60% Most nd 90-100%
  1. 1) EE: Milkk 2005 LV: Zarina 2009 LT: Kaspersen et al. 2004 PL: Metera 2005, personal communication, Josef Tyburski, Mazury University, Olsztyn, Poland, SE: Källander 2000/2010.
  2. ;2) EE: Vetemaa & Milkk 2012 LV: Zarina 2009 Drozdovska 2005 LT: Kaspersen et al. 2004 PL: Kilcher et al. 2011 SE: Schusseleder 2009.
  3. , SE: Kilcher et al. 2011.
  4. ;4) CEEC: Tyburski & Zakowska-Biemans 2003; SE: Boström & Klintman , SE: Boström & Klintman SE: Boström & Klintman 2003.
  5. 5) EE: personal communication Eve Ader, Estonian Plant Production Inspectorate, LV: Drozdovska Drozdovska 2005 LT: Kaspersen et al. 2004, PL: personal communication, Josef Tyburski, Mazury University, Olsztyn, Poland, SE: estimate by comparing number of organic farms in Figure 2, Schusseleder 2009.