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Table 5 Indicator 10–19: Institutions of the state domain related to financial support

From: Institutional barriers to organic farming in Central and Eastern European countries of the Baltic Sea region

   Estonia Latvia Lithuania Poland Sweden
10 Introduction of area payment 2000 2001 1993 1999 1989
11 Area payment (Euro/ha) 80 82-139 118-734 55-382 40-855
12 % of agri-environmental scheme devoted to organic farming 16 80 72 8 25
13 Total amount devoted to organic farming (millions of euros/year) 3.1 4.9 15 7 57.8
14 % uptake of area support 80% 93% 50-60% 88% 240% *
15 Loans available for improvement of organic farms No No Yes Yes nd
16 Lower taxes for organic farmers No No Yes Yes nd
17 Certification/inspection costs reimbursement No No Yes Yes No
18 Research support (million euros/year) 0.1 0.1 0.046 0.27 5.9**
19 Estimate % of agricultural research funding devoted to organic farming 1% 19% 6.3% 0.2%*** 10%
  1. ;10) EE: Vetemaa & Milkk 2012 LV: Zarina 2009 LT: Kaspersen et al. 2004 PL: Metera 2005, SE: Källander 2000/2010.
  2. 11) EE: Prazan et al. 2004 LV: Latvian Ministry of Agriculture 2006a LT: Rush 2006 Lithuanian Ministry of Agriculture 2006 PL: Porter 2006 Polish Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development 2006b SE: Swedish Board of Agriculture 2012.
  3. ;12) EE, LV, LT, SE: Tuson & Lampkin 12) EE, LV, LT, SE: Tuson & Lampkin 12) EE, LV, LT, SE: Tuson & Lampkin 2006 Hrabalova et al. 2005 PL: Polish Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development 2006b.
  4. ; SE: Tuson & Lampkin 13) EE, SE: Tuson & Lampkin SE: Tuson & Lampkin 2006 Hrabalova et al. 2005 LV: Drozdovska 2005 PL: Polish Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development 2006a LT: Lithuanian Ministry of Agriculture 2005.
  5. ;14) EE, LV, PL, SE: Tuson & Lampkin 14) EE, LV, PL, SE: Tuson & Lampkin 14) EE, LV, PL, SE: Tuson & Lampkin 2006 Hrabalova et al. 2005 LT: Lithuanian Ministry of Agriculture 2006. * In Sweden, a farm does not need to be certified to get payment for organic farming.
  6. ;15) All: Tuson & Lampkin 2006 Hrabalova et al. 2005.
  7. 16) All: Prazan et al. 2004.
  8. ;17) All: Tuson & Lampkin 2006 Hrabalova et al. 2005.
  9. 18) All: Slabe 2004. ** The total research funding includes forestry and fisheries. Thus, the number is likely to be smaller than this.
  10. 19) EE: Statistics Estonia 2007 LV: Latvian council of science 2006 LT: Slabe 2004 PL: Polish Central Statistical office 2007 SE: Slabe 2004. ***Approximation based on two different years.