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Table 1 Empirical results

From: On the relationship between regional trade agreements and agricultural technology and productivity

  (i) (ii) (iii)
Lagged Productivity −0.125*** −0.130*** −0.122***
(0.022) (0.020) (0.022)
EU/EEC member (OMCs) 0.097*** 0.094*** 0.087***
(0.016) (0.017) (0.022)
EU/EEC member (Denmark) 0.113*** 0.110*** 0.103***
(0.034) (0.036) (0.038)
EU/EEC member (United Kingdom) −0.027 −0.029 −0.037
(0.019) (0.019) (0.025)
EU/EEC member (Portugal) −0.185*** −0.195*** −0.190***
(0.045) (0.044) (0.047)
EU/EEC member (Spain) 0.040 0.034 0.032
(0.032) (0.032) (0.034)
EU/EEC member (Austria) −0.023 −0.029 −0.033
(0.027) (0.027) (0.032)
EU/EEC member (Finland) 0.093*** 0.088*** 0.082**
(0.029) (0.029) (0.034)
EU/EEC member (Sweden) 0.109*** 0.106*** 0.098***
(0.025) (0.024) (0.032)
Trend   0.003***  
(0.001)
EFTA    −0.014
(0.029)
Time-specific effects Yes No Yes
Number of observations 336 336 336
R-squared 0.378 0.329 0.378
  1. Notes: The dependent variable is productivity growth rate ln(Y it ) − ln(Yit − T), where Y it represents the productivity of country i at time t. Productivity is measured through the value added per worker (constant 2000 US dollars) in the agricultural sector. Robust standard errors are reported in parenthesis. The symbols “***”, “**”, and “*” denote statistical significance at the 1%, 5%, and 10% levels, respectively.