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Table 3 Descriptive statistics of contributions of labour and non-labour sources to farm households’ income

From: Off-farm labour supply and production efficiency of farm household in rural Southwest Nigeria

Income source Households deriving income from source Income per average household in the entire sample
Number % Avg. receipt Std. error Mean Std. error % of GTA % of TLS
Household farms         
Arable crop production 480 98.1 111,281.26 6,602.30 109,141.24 6,561.58 30.6 38.7
Tree crops production 263 53.8 86,767.81 5,185.84 57,984.26 4,477.04 16.3 20.5
Livestock production 229 46.8 14,755.36 1,767.86 8,512.71 1,137.22 2.4 3.0
Sub-total (Household farms) 489 100.0 175,638.21 7,684.42 175,638.21 7,684.42 49.2 62.2
Add: Natural resource collection 115 23.6 40,724.10 7,159.62 9,593.66 2,059.84 2.7 3.4
Agro-processing 82 16.8 86,154.40 11,807.07 14,497.13 2,978.50 4.1 5.1
Labour on others’ farms 85 17.3 26,348.45 6,813.71 4,560.31 1,355.97 1.3 1.6
Sub total (Farm sector) 489 100.0 204,289.30 8,574.58 204,289.31 8,574.57 57.3 72.4
Artisanship & Craft 94 19.2 149,417.81 12,120.70 28,734.19 4,698.43 8.1 10.2
Trading 109 22.2 112,817.49 10,011.92 24,950.02 3,925.55 7.0 8.8
Formal employment 49 10.1 175,620.31 32,551.50 17,730.90 4,884.71 5.0 6.3
Other non-farm labour sources 37 7.6 85,268.60 12,615.72 6,559.12 1,838.80 1.8 2.3
Sub total (Non-farm sector) 230 47.1 165,496.33 12,706.03 77,974.23 8,283.25 21.9 27.6
Total Labour Sources (TLS) 489 100.0 282,263.54 10,978.18 282,263.54 10,978.19 79.1 100.0
Add: Remittances 320 65.4 54,143.14 4,058.35 35,401.28 3,198.20 9.9  
Income generating assets 334 68.3 57,249.60 5,431.39 39,083.86 4,141.02 11.0  
Grand Total, All Sources (GTA) 489 100.0 356,748.68 12,389.87 356,748.68 12,389.87 100.0