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Table 11 Unconditional, Marshallian price and income elasticities at stage 2, heavy drinking households (at sample means)

From: Consumer demand for alcoholic beverages in Switzerland: a two-stage quadratic almost ideal demand system for low, moderate, and heavy drinking households

  Win Bee Sp Cof Tea CBe MWa NaS FJVJ Income
Wine -0.519 (0.319) 0.573 (0.557) 0.251 (0.204) 0.178 (0.119) 1.533 (1.075) -1.456 (0.803)* -0.641 (0.295)** -0.673 (0.516) 0.543 (0.325)* 1.009 (0.172)***
Beer 0.800 (1.210) -0.244 (2.026) 0.289 (0.671) 0.498 (0.604) 4.057 (5.212) -3.259 (4.122) -1.306 (1.427) -0.684 (0.987) 1.419 (1.960) 1.412 (0.768)**
Spirits 0.336 (0.512) -0.684 (0.897) -0.919 (0.315)*** -0.260 (0.221) -3.335 (1.771)* 1.735 (1.339) 0.494 (0.451) -0.284 (0.372) -1.095 (0.566)* 0.357 (0.240)
Coffee 0.066 (0.451) -0.451 (0.819) 0.237 (0.275) -0.997 (0.318)*** -3.220 (2.295) 1.173 (1.721) 0.408 (0.586) -0.296 (0.402) -0.898 (0.855) 0.488 (0.338)
Tea 0.230 (0.830) -1.307 (1.232) 0.199 (0.522) -0.319 (0.416) -2.582 (3.903) 3.393 (2.865) 1.149 (0.799) -0.631 (0.674) -0.859 (1.050) 0.258 (0.503)
Cocoa beverages 0.131 (0.873) -0.429 (1.159) 0.100 (0.569) -0.285 (0.655) -6.955 (5.165) -1.639 (3.760) 0.055 (1.388) -0.274 (0.790) -0.864 (2.016) 0.426 (0.634)
Mineral water 0.079 (0.468) -0.442 (0.783) -0.055 (0.343) -0.374 (0.457) -2.208 (2.190) 1.556 (1.655) -0.686 (0.775) -0.591 (0.491) 0.007 (1.110) 0.398 (0.350)
Non-alcoholic soft drinks 0.483 (0.545) -0.193 (1.027) 0.069 (0.333) -0.255 (0.329) -2.633 (2.429) 1.908 (1.947) 0.308 (0.649) -1.702 (0.421)*** -0.931 (0.951) 0.389 (0.378)
Fruit juices and vegetables juices 0.233 (0.826) -0.969 (1.339) -0.082 (0.410) -0.691 (0.622) -2.330 (3.855) 1.553 (3.069) 1.517 (1.340) -0.160 (0.623) -2.154 (1.735) 0.395 (0.601)
  1. *, ** and *** denote significance at 10%, 5% and 1% level, respectively.
  2. Note: Win: Wine, Bee: Beer, Sp: Spirits, Cof: Coffee, Tea: Tea, CBe: Cocoa beverages, MWa: Mineral Water, NaS: Non-alcoholic soft drinks, FJVJ: Fruit juices and vegetables juices.