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Table 5 Unconditional, Marshallian price and income elasticities at stage 2, all households (at sample means)

From: Consumer demand for alcoholic beverages in Switzerland: a two-stage quadratic almost ideal demand system for low, moderate, and heavy drinking households

  Win Bee Sp Cof Tea CBe MWa NaS FJVJ Income
Wine -0.986 (0.208)*** -0.177 (0.142) 0.046 (0.097) -0.141 (0.181) -1.328 (0.325)*** 0.353 (0.248) 0.354 (0.203) -0.256 (0.296) 0.054 (0.135) 1.288 (0.182)***
Beer 0.188 (0.139) -0.634 (0.242)*** 0.100 (0.093) 0.153 (0.112) 0.571 (0.260)** -1.260 (0.238)*** -1.036 (0.180)*** 0.002 (0.109) 0.296 (0.153)* 0.096 (0.085)
Spirits 0.397 (0.146)*** -0.164 (0.072)** -0.950 (0.043)*** -0.082 (0.122) 0.565 (0.357) 0.519 (0.215)** 0.132 (0.116) -0.070 (0.209) 0.003 (0.069) 0.918 (0.101)***
Coffee 0.055 (0.088) 0.185 (0.084)** 0.098 (0.077) -0.786 (0.081)*** -2.436 (0.256)*** -1.508 (0.158)*** -0.320 (0.136)** -0.126 (0.110) 0.172 (0.079)** 0.350 (0.132)***
Tea -0.157 (0.114) 0.007 (0.108) -0.030 (0.089) -0.143 (0.128) -4.638 (0.506)*** -2.442 (0.294)*** 0.300 (0.218) -0.045 (0.180) 0.030 (0.097) 0.419 (0.160)***
Cocoa beverages 0.443 (0.242)* -0.593 (0.219)** -0.138 (0.100) 0.028 (0.207) -3.365 (0.679)*** -0.753 (0.484) 1.175 (0.236)*** -0.305 (0.330) -0.267 (0.167) 1.441 (0.106)***
Mineral water -0.068 (0.182) -0.416 (0.115)*** -0.106 (0.066) 0.016 (0.166) -2.969 (0.273)*** -0.064 (0.229) -0.186 (0.148) -0.213 (0.262) 0.058 (0.110) 1.156 (0.107)***
Non-alcoholic soft drinks -0.011 (0.094) 0.054 (0.076) 0.099 (0.034)*** -0.031 (0.076) -0.406 (0.148)*** -0.565 (0.124)*** -0.403 (0.079)*** -1.169 (0.122)*** 0.226 (0.065)*** 0.518 (0.044)***
Fruit juices and vegetables juices 0.033 (0.073) 0.318 (0.109)*** 0.164 (0.046)*** -0.253 (0.074)*** -1.933 (0.210)*** -1.279 (0.167)*** -0.745 (0.124)*** -0.053 (0.101) -0.757 (0.086)*** 0.363 (0.057)***
  1. *, ** and *** denote significance at 10%, 5% and 1% level, respectively.
  2. Note: Win: Wine, Bee: Beer, Sp: Spirits, Cof: Coffee, Tea: Tea, CBe: Cocoa beverages, MWa: Mineral Water, NaS: Non-alcoholic soft drinks, FJVJ: Fruit juices and vegetables juices.