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Table 7 Unconditional, Marshallian price and income elasticities at stage 2, light drinking households (at sample means)

From: Consumer demand for alcoholic beverages in Switzerland: a two-stage quadratic almost ideal demand system for low, moderate, and heavy drinking households

  Win Bee Sp Cof Tea CBe MWa NaS FJVJ Income
Wine -1.275 (0.247)*** -0.144 (0.141) 0.038 (0.203) -0.156 (0.161) -0.801 (1.050) 0.172 (0.718) 0.450 (0.348) -0.484 (0.177)*** 0.003 (0.595) 0.620 (0.366)*
Beer 0.679 (0.707) -1.216 (0.457)*** 0.000 (0.265) 0.550 (0.226)** -1.892 (2.355) -2.940 (1.576)* -1.056 (1.363) 0.480 (0.545) 1.082 (0.874) 0.469 (0.534)
Spirits 0.363 (0.400) -0.011 (0.151) -0.859 (0.220)*** 0.109 (0.152) 2.874 (1.163)** 0.317 (1.276) -0.760 (0.730) 0.429 (0.235)* 0.417 (0.703) 0.666 (0.408)
Coffee 0.365 (0.348) 0.165 (0.151) 0.036 (0.163) -0.729 (0.134)*** -3.209 (1.311)** -1.825 (0.721)** -0.431 (0.667) 0.192 (0.240) 0.708 (0.527) 0.569 (0.307)*
Tea -1.000 (0.580)* -0.438 (0.245)* -0.070 (0.430) -0.606 (0.297)** -4.656 (2.844) -0.586 (1.466) 2.528 (1.147)** -0.721 (0.343)** -1.146 (1.403) 0.875 (0.845)
Cocoa beverages 0.635 (0.564) -0.332 (0.627) 0.014 (0.403) -0.006 (0.446) -4.249 (1.628)*** -1.244 (1.244) -0.807 (0.915) 0.375 (0.610) -0.574 (0.825) 1.489 (0.668)**
Mineral water -0.193 (0.831) -0.854 (0.670) -0.099 (0.316) -0.710 (0.445) -6.929 (2.611)*** 0.722 (1.186) 0.490 (1.599) -0.193 (0.653) -1.239 (0.819) 2.068 (0.403)***
Non-alcoholic soft drinks -0.282 (0.255) 0.100 (0.230) -0.011 (0.100) 0.074 (0.154) -0.168 (0.348) -0.422 (0.339) 0.141 (0.437) -1.062 (0.256)*** 0.384 (0.129)*** 0.464 (0.109)***
Fruit juices and vegetables juices 0.171 (0.275) 0.388 (0.273) 0.111 (0.163) 0.025 (0.138) -0.812 (1.077) -1.558 (0.458)*** -0.262 (0.753) 0.025 (0.251) -0.206 (0.465) 0.220 (0.248)
  1. *, ** and *** denote significance at 10%, 5% and 1% level, respectively.
  2. Note: Win: Wine, Bee: Beer, Sp: Spirits, Cof: Coffee, Tea: Tea, CBe: Cocoa beverages, MWa: Mineral Water, NaS: Non-alcoholic soft drinks, FJVJ: Fruit juices and vegetables juices.