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Table 9 Unconditional, Marshallian price and income elasticities at stage 2, moderate drinking households (at sample means)

From: Consumer demand for alcoholic beverages in Switzerland: a two-stage quadratic almost ideal demand system for low, moderate, and heavy drinking households

  Win Bee Sp Cof Tea CBe MWa NaS FJVJ Income
Wine -0.665 (1.419) 0.194 (1.155) 0.236 (0.606) -0.029 (0.554) 0.186 (0.614) -0.183 (0.548) -0.362 (0.450) -0.562 (0.563) -0.088 (0.232) 1.077 (0.355) ***
Beer 0.639 (1.230) -0.825 (1.186) 0.365 (0.535) -0.049 (0.699) 1.096 (1.289) -0.893 (0.554) -0.301 (0.450) -0.317 (0.704) -0.137 (0.266) 0.877 (0.867)
Spirits 0.305 (0.954) 0.166 (0.453) -0.799 (0.351)** -0.093 (0.249) -0.877 (0.514)* -0.479 (0.304) -0.143 (0.310) -0.423 (0.390) -0.144 (0.145) 0.636 (0.355) *
Coffee 0.034 (1.414) 0.015 (1.579) 0.077 (0.686) -0.828 (0.611) -1.718 (1.648) -0.250 (1.180) 0.173 (0.473) -0.096 (0.479) 0.105 (0.361) 0.058 (0.436)
Tea 0.264 (2.398) 0.005 (1.583) 0.043 (0.960) -0.237 (0.757) -1.360 (1.488) -1.367 (1.008) 0.524 (0.685) 0.069 (0.714) -0.170 (0.403) 0.241 (0.613)
Cocoa beverages 0.337 (2.472) -1.143 (2.480) -0.097 (1.039) -0.063 (1.441) -2.195 (3.197) 1.858 (3.379) -0.087 (1.077) -0.129 (1.496) 0.389 (0.857) -0.186 (1.539)
Mineral water -0.293 (1.706) -0.021 (0.873) -0.033 (0.561) -0.212 (0.523) -0.716 (0.757) -0.136 (0.620) -0.512 (1.234) -0.211 (0.704) 0.316 (0.563) 0.632 (0.509)
Non-alcoholic soft drinks 0.145 (1.497) -0.034 (0.870) 0.009 (0.553) -0.004 (0.435) -0.724 (0.605) -0.053 (0.577) 0.023 (0.547) -1.141 (0.550)** -0.051 (0.286) 0.489 (0.420)
Fruit juices and vegetables juices 0.362 (0.973) -0.058 (0.937) 0.007 (0.384) -0.041 (0.452) -2.267 (0.857)*** 0.265 (0.457) 0.175 (0.638) -0.419 (0.417) -0.947 (0.356)*** 0.503 (0.329)
  1. *, ** and *** denote significance at 10%, 5% and 1% level, respectively.
  2. Note: Win: Wine, Bee: Beer, Sp: Spirits, Cof: Coffee, Tea: Tea, CBe: Cocoa beverages, MWa: Mineral Water, NaS: Non-alcoholic soft drinks, FJVJ: Fruit juices and vegetables juices.