Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Logit results of dairy farmer adoption of breeding and/or biological technologies, 2010 (Standard errors in parenthesis)

From: The adoption of technologies, management practices, and production systems in U.S. milk production

Variable Units Artificial Insemination Embryo Transfer and/or Sexed Semen Recombinant Bovine Somatotropin
   β Marg Effect β Marg Effect β Marg Effect
Constant   0.5505 (0.5881)   –1.1789** (0.5862)   –2.1980** (0.9552)  
Farm Structure        
Cows No./100 0.0904** (0.0039) 0.0124 (0.0050) –0.0080 (0.0137) –0.0011 (0.0020) 0.0227 (0.0156) 0.0014 (0.0010)
Acres No./100 –0.0026 (0.0203) –0.0004 (0.0030) 0.0430*** (0.0150) 0.0058*** (0.0020) 0.0759*** (0.0258) 0.0047*** (0.0020)
Owned Portion 0.0272 (0.0947) 0.0037 (0.0130) 0.1152 (0.1086) 0.0156 (0.0146) 0.2500** (0.1140) 0.0153** (0.0069)
Specialized Portion 1.3565*** (0.5033) 0.1857*** (0.0704) 0.2655 (0.4738) 0.0359 (0.0642) 0.8526 (0.7443) 0.0523 (0.0458)
Organic 0-1 –1.0418*** (0.1950) –0.1848*** (0.0378) –1.7048*** (0.2730) –0.1428*** (0.0189)   
Pasture-based 0-1 –0.6382*** (0.2245) –0.0990*** (0.0385) –0.2700 (0.3065) –0.0345 (0.0367) –0.5205 (0.4887) –0.0280 (0.0224)
Farmer Demographics        
Age Yrs./10 0.0585 (0.0842) 0.0080 (0.0116) –0.1524* (0.0834) –0.0206* (0.0112) –0.2132 (0.1448) –0.0131 (0.0089)
College 0-1 0.9075*** (0.2945) 0.0979*** (0.0243) 0.7171*** (0.2473) 0.1156** (0.0456) 0.3967 (0.3398) 0.0278 (0.0265)
Regions        
West 0-1 –1.3309*** (0.4031) –0.2591*** (0.0948) –0.5137 (0.3592) –0.0584* (0.0351) –3.1607*** (1.2306) –0.0663*** (0.0104)
Pacific 0-1 –0.2934 (0.3836) –0.0438 (0.0618) 0.1479 (0.3170) 0.0209 (0.0463) –1.2464** (0.5305) –0.0488*** (0.0142)
Southeast 0-1 –2.0875*** (0.3188) –0.4461*** (0.0723) –0.5125 (0.4233) –0.0581 (0.0408)   
Corn Belt 0-1 –0.9362*** (0.2398) –0.1550*** (0.0445) –0.0845 (0.2577) –0.0112 (0.0338) –1.0171*** (0.3797) –0.0481*** (0.0152)
Northern Plains 0-1 –0.6402 (0.4731) –0.1066 (0.0917) –0.2606 (0.4214) –0.0323 (0.0481) –0.7839 (0.5455) –0.0349* (0.0179)
Appalachia 0-1 –1.9202*** (0.2434) –0.3981*** (0.0543) –0.1872 (0.2756) –0.0239 (0.0337) –2.2961*** (0.7466) –0.0647*** (0.0115)
Northeast 0-1 –0.0168 (0.2927) –0.0023 (0.0403) 0.0724 (0.2900) 0.0099 (0.0400) –0.2535 (0.3408) –0.0148 (0.0189)
Southern Plains 0-1 –2.5655*** (0.3651) –0.5501*** (0.0733) –1.7184** (0.6979) –0.1319*** (0.0271) –2.6556* (1.5891) –0.0643*** (0.0126)
Diagnostics        
Pseudo R-square   0.1217   0.0459   0.0892  
  1. Note: *, **, and *** indicate significance at the P ≤0.10, P ≤0.05, and P ≤0.01 levels, respectively.