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Table 2 Variables used in the probit model with expected sign on organic cotton adoption

From: Socioeconomic determinants of organic cotton adoption in Benin, West Africa

Variable Label Expected signs
AGE Age of the producer (year) +/−
AGE2 Square of AGE (years2) +/−
SEX Sex of the producer (1 = male, 0 = female) +
EDUC Formal education of the producer (year) +
EXPCOT Experience in cotton production in general (year) +/−
CLASSP Class of poverty as perceived by producers (1 = very poor, 2 = poor, 3 = medium, 4 = rich) -
CENTRE Regional dummy (1 = Farmers located in the Centre of Benin, 0 = otherwise) +/−
NORTHW Regional dummy (1 = Farmers located in the northwest-Benin, 0 = otherwise) +/−
DISTEX Distance between the producer’s house and his farm (km) +/−
DISTEX2 Square of DISTEX (km2) +/−
HHSIZE Household size (number of members) +
SUPTOT Amount of land available in ha +/−
OXEN Ownership of oxen (1 = yes) +
DISTM Distance between the village and the nearest market place where the producer sells its products (km) -
ACRED Obtained credit (1 = yes, 0 = no) -
COOP Membership of producers’ organization (1 = yes, 0 = no) +
NVISIT Contact with extension agents (number of visits between January and October 2012) +