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Table 4 Differences in the significance of membership benefits according to the cooperative type

From: Farmers’ self-reported value of cooperative membership: evidence from heterogeneous business and organization structures

Statement on the benefits Supply dairy Marketing dairy Meat
The cooperative offers a stable market channel*** % of producers
  Significant 90a 83a,b 83b
  Neutral 8 13 12
  Insignificant 2 4 5
The cooperative is obliged to collect all of my production 1)***    
  Significant 92a 89a,b 78b
  Neutral 6 9 15
  Insignificant 2 2 7
Better possibilities to expand my agricultural production***    
  Significant 68a 70a 46b
  Neutral 23 25 38
  Insignificant 9 6 16
The cooperative operates in the nearby region***    
  Significant 67a 85b 48c
  Neutral 24 15 36
  Insignificant 9 0 16
The cooperative offers good services to the members***    
  Significant 73a 78a 46b
  Neutral 21 22 37
  Insignificant 6 0 17
The cooperative pays a competitive producer price***    
  Significant 89a 85a 63b
  Neutral 9 13 22
  Insignificant 2 2 15
I gain other, non-pecuniary benefits from the cooperative***    
  Significant 58a 73b 42c
  Neutral 32 20 37
  Insignificant 20 7 21
Benefit from a good bargaining position through the cooperative***    
  Significant 67a 70a 45b
  Neutral 23 17 37
  Insignificant 9 13 19
Cooperative capital is an attractive investment instrument    
  Significant 57a 58a 58a
  Neutral 30 31 27
  Insignificant 13 11 16
Membership provides me taxation gains    
  Significant 47a 50a 46a
  Neutral 35 30 37
  Insignificant 18 20 18
Control in the governance of the cooperative    
  Significant 42a 42a 35a
  Neutral 37 40 35
  Insignificant 22 18 31
Influence in decisions that promote my own business    
  Significant 50a 49a 45a
  Neutral 33 35 30
  Insignificant 17 16 25
Opportunity to carry out work that supports the community    
  Significant 44a 42a 37a
  Neutral 37 44 37
  Insignificant 19 15 26
  1. Membership secures the marketing of all of my production. Superscripts a, b, and c denote the results of the z-test, which compares the column proportions. Different letters indicate differences and the level of significance is tested with Fisher exact test. Fisher’s exact test ***(p < 0.01), **(p < 0.05), *(p < 0.1)