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Table 1 Variable definition and their descriptive statistics

From: Agricultural technology adoption, commercialization and smallholder rice farmers’ welfare in rural Nigeria

Variable Description Mean Std.Dev.
Dependent Variables
Y IRVs area divided by the total farm size 0.78 2.30
G Per capita consumption expenditure 34347.99 18226.89
MARKTPAR 1 if farmer sell part of produce, 0 otherwise 0.71 0.46
Independent Variables
YIELD Average yield (Kg/ha) 3271.07 2238.76
AGE Age of household head 45.00 8.62
AGE2 Square of the age of household head 2117.67 790.36
HSIZE Number of person living in the household 8.00 4.09
EDUB 1 if farmer has formal education, 0 otherwise 0.68 0.47
VOCT 1 if farmer attended vocational training, 0 otherwise 0.15 0.36
GNR 1 if household head is male, 0 if female 0.81 0.40
OFFINC 1 if farmer has non-farm income , 0 otherwise 0.89 0.32
TOTAREA(HA) Total farm size in hectare 2.39 1.59
EXCONT 1 if farmer has contact with extension agents, 0 otherwise 0.36 0.48
HOWN 1 if respondent is the landlord, 0 otherwise 0.86 0.35
ACSEED 1 if farmer has access to seed, 0 otherwise 0.70 0.46
MEORG 1 if farmer is a member of any organisation, 0 otherwise 0.31 0.46
SECOST The average cost of seed in Naira per kg 124.97 1.56
INOCRP(N) Average income from other crops 90405.00 72470.89
RICINC Income generated from the sale of rice 189231.70 111276.60
SEDIST(KM)) The distance from the village to the nearest sources of seed 4.39 6.48
FUPL 1 if farmer practice upland rice farming 0.31 0.46
FLOWL 1 if farmer practice lowland rice farming 0.81 0.39
FIRRIG 1 if farmer practice irrigated rice farming 0.16 0.37
ACREDIT 1 if farmer has access to credit 0.24 0.42
YRESID Years of residence in the village 40.17 14.79
YEDUC Years of formal education 4.62 5.88
NCRI a 1 if farmer has relationship with NCRI 0.217 0.41
MAIN 1 if the farming is the main occupation, 0 otherwise 0.90 0.31
FYEXP Years of farming experience 37.12 11.32
TRAINB 1 if farmer had attended any training, 0 otherwise 0.21 0.41
NTRAIN Number of training attended by the farmer 3.00 2.70
  1. a NCRI National Cereal Research Institute