Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Sample size ad relative importance of direct payments

From: Do CAP direct payments stabilise farm income? Empirical evidences from a constant sample of Italian farms

   Sample size number Importance of DP:
PSE DP/FI
Mean Mean
Types of farming (TF)c: TF    
 Specialist field crops 1 571 22.9 % 80.9 %
 Specialist horticulture 2 276 0.8 % 2.0 %
 Specialist permanent crops 3 715 8.3 % b 25.5 % a
 Specialist grazing livestock 4 492 16.3 % a 45.5 % b
 Specialist granivore 5 84 5.7 % b 18.6 % a
 Mixed cropping 6 161 13.6 % a 44.7 % b
 Mixed livestock and mixed crops-livestock 7 103 17.6 % a 60.6 %
Economic size (ESU)c:
 Small (Classes 1, 2, 3)   697 14.6 % 56.1 %
 Medium (Classes 4, 5, 6)   1595 12.9 % 37.5 % a
 Large (Classes 7, 8)   110 9.3 % 31.1 % a
PSE level:
 No DP 0 247 0.0 % 0.0 %
 Low 1st 540 2.0 % 6.5 %
 Low-medium 2nd 539 8.1 % 27.6 %
 Medium-high 3rd 537 16.4 % 55.6 %
 High 4th 539 32.4 % 100.4 %
Total sample   2402 13.2 % 42.6 %
  1. Mean values of PSE (DP/(REV + DP)) and DP/FI in the considered groups and the whole sample of farms
  2. Source: Own elaborations on a constant sample of the whole Italian FADN farms, years 2003–2012
  3. cDifferences between groups statistically significant at 5 % according to Scheffe’s test