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Table 8 Analysis of trends in farm income (OLS linear trends)

From: Do CAP direct payments stabilise farm income? Empirical evidences from a constant sample of Italian farms

   Trends in farm incomea
Strictly positive Negative Subtotal  
Farms % Farms % Farms % Total
Types of farming (TF): TF  
 Specialist field crops 1 42 72.4 % 16 27.6 % 58 10.2 % 571
 Specialist horticulture 2 35 81.4 % 8 18.6 % 43 15.6 % 276
 Specialist permanent crops 3 49 79.0 % 13 21.0 % 62 8.7 % 715
 Specialist grazing livestock 4 42 56.8 % 32 43.2 % 74 15.0 % 492
 Specialist granivore 5 6 60.0 % 4 40.0 % 10 11.9 % 84
 Mixed cropping 6 11 100.0 % 0 0.0 % 11 6.8 % 161
 Mixed livestock and Mixed crops-livestock 7 11 78.6 % 3 21.4 % 14 13.6 % 103
Total   196 72.1 % 76 28 % 272 11 % 2402
  1. Source: Own elaborations on a constant sample of the Italian FADN farms, years 2003–2012
  2. aR2 > 0.6 and trend coefficient significantly different from zero at 5 %