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Table 1 Household characteristics by adoption status of improved pigeonpea in 2006/07

From: Determinants of agricultural technology adoption under partial population awareness: the case of pigeonpea in Malawi

Characteristic Non-adopters (n = 381) 86 % Adopters (n = 59) 14 % Total (n = 440) Difference
Socio-demographic factors     
 Proportion of male farmers 72.3 (2.1) 66.1.4(2.9) 72.5.1(2.1) 7.7(3.5)**
 Age 45.3 (0.91) 45.9 (2.3) 45.4 (0.84) −0.60 (2.48)
 Household size 4.6 (0.10) 5.2 (0.28) 4.8 (0.09) −0.5(0.28)*
 Years of residence in the village 30.4 (1.00) 29.6(1.22) 30.1(0.77) 0.83(1.5)
 Land holding size 2.1 (0.7) 3.1 (2.3) 2.3 (0.1) −0.9 (0.2)***
 Off-farm income (MK) 16682 (1679) 58464(21409) 22298(3287) −42781(9440)*
 Value of assets (MK) 5856(729) 9627(3790) 6362(810) −3770(2374)
Education and experience farming     
 Years of schooling 4.9(0.19) 5.1(0.24) 5 .0(0.15) −0.18 (0.30)
 Years of experience in pigeonpea farming 15.1 (0.66) 18.3 (0.94) 15.5 (0.7) −3.2(1.1)*
 Years of experience in groundnut farming 8.6 (0.57) 12.3 (0.91) 8.7 (0.49) −4.1(1.0)**
Institutional factors     
 Proportion farmers with access to credit 15.2 (2) 33 (6) 17.7 (1.1) −18 (5)***
 Distance to village market 2.7 (0.13) 0.73 (0.19) 2.4 (0.1) 1.91 (0.36)***
 Distance to the farmer club 0.15 (0.03) 0.03 (0.02) 0.41(0.03) 0.13 (0.09)
 Distance to an agricultural office 4.5(0.14) 4.7(0.37) 4.6(0.13) −0.04 (0.39)
 Contacts with government extension 5.6 (0.78) 2.8(0.90) 5.3 (0.77) 2.11 (2.1)
 Contacts with NGO extension worker 1.8 (0.8) 0.46 (0.15) 1.2(0.48) 1.33 (1.0)
 Membership in faith based organization (%) 51 (20) 0.50 (14) 12.5 (1.3) 12.5 (2.7)***
 Membership in a farmer’s club 7.6(1.3) 13.6(4.4) 8.4(1.3) 5.9(3.8)
  1. Source: ICRISAT Treasure Legumes/TLII Study (April- May 2008)
  2. Data with asterisk Indicates that difference between adopters and non-adopters is statistically significant at 95 % level (t-tests are used for differences in means). *indicates significance at 10 %. **indicates significance at 5%. ***indicates significance at 1%