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Table 3 Production and marketing of honey for different producers

From: Impact of supply chain coordination on honey farmers’ income in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

Variable Sample mean Contract Cooperative Spot market (base)
No. of traditional beehives 1.44 0.89 1.43 1.50
(0.27) (0.30) (1.07) (0.31)
No. of modern Beehives 3.71 5.97 b 2.29 3.59
(0.33) (1.43) (0.34) (0.35)
No. of modern beehives 5 years ago(recall) 1.67 1.57 0.96 1.14
(0.12) (0.38) (0.39) (0.13)
White honey production (kg) 22.45 47.40 c 15.93 20.37
(1.52) (10.01) (2.97) (1.38)
Amount of honey for market (kg) 27.24 43.71 a 15.61 26.48
(3.26) (3.72) (2.93) (3.72)
Honey production per beehive (kg) 7.61 9.82 b 8.57 7.29
(0.39) (1.19) (1.66) (0.43)
Honey income (birr) 1821 3625 c 884 1710
(196) (1020) (163) (205)
Total household income (birr) 8888 10940 a 7302 8806
(523) (1827) (1494) (578)
Average per capita income (birr) d 3271 4059 2660 3239
(203) (704) (4378) (226)
No. of observations 395 35 28 332
  1. Source: Calculated from own survey data
  2. Figures in parenthesis are standard errors
  3. a . b , c significance at 10, 5 and 1 % significance level for the t-test
  4. d per capita income adult equivalent (OECD-modified scale which assigns value 1 for the household head, of 0.5 to each adult member and 0.3 to each child is used)