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Table 4 Effect of contracts and cooperatives on honey producing farmers

From: Impact of supply chain coordination on honey farmers’ income in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

Outcome variables Regression on covariates Regression on propensity scores Kernel Matching Nearest Neighbor
Contract cooperative Contract Cooperative Contract Cooperative Contract Cooperative
Modern hive productivity 0.37 c (0.14) 0.09 (0.19) 0.38 c (0.14) 0.08 (0.19) 0.44 b (0.14) -0.06 (0.21) 0.43 b (0.14) -0.13 (0.21)
White honey production 0.76 c (0.17) -0.15 (0.18) 0.77 c (0.17) -0.15 (0.19) 0.79 c (0.20) -0.10 (0.20) 0.78 c (0.20) -0.14 (0.21)
Honey income 0.87 c (0.24) -0.49 (0.35) 0.85 c (0.25) -0.47 (0.35) 1.10 c (0.26) -0.41 (0.35) 1.10 c (0.28) -0.44 (0.35)
Household income 0.28 a (0.16) 0.01 (0.20) 0.28 c (0.16) 0.01 (0.20) 0.31 a (0.18) -0.14 (0.21) 0.31 a (0.18) -.022 (0.21)
Per capita income 0.32 b (0.16) 0.01 (0.20) 0.31 a (0.16) 0.01 (0.20) 0.36 a (0.18) -0.14 (0.20) 0.36 a (0.18) -0.21 (0.20)
  1. a , b , c indicates significance levels at 10,5 and 1 % respectively