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Table 3 Framework: sub-indicators, indicators and dimensions

From: The social pillar of sustainability: a quantitative approach at the farm level

Farm characteristic Source Code Sub-indicator Score range Code Indicator Max score
Number of products involved in quality certified products Questionnaire S_1_a Quality certified commodities 0–∞ S_1 Quality of the products 20
Number of quality certified products Questionnaire S_1_b Quality certified food products 0–∞
Number of vegetal organic products Questionnaire S_1_c Vegetal organic production 0–∞
Number of animal organic products Questionnaire S_1_d Animal organic production 0–∞
Aesthetics care of rural buildings Questionnaire S_2_a Aesthetics of rural buildings 0–4 S_2 Rural buildings 12
Maintenance of the original use of the rural buildings Questionnaire S_2_b Maintenance of the original use of the rural buildings 0–4
Number of buildings built or renovate using “green techniques” Questionnaire S_2_c Green building techniques 0–∞
Maintenance of the farm green spaces Questionnaire S_3_a Green maintenance 0–4 S_3 Landscape and territory 18
Presence of hedges, rows and wooded bands Questionnaire S_3_b Hedges, rows and wooded bands 0–4
Maintenance of the roads and paths Questionnaire S_3_c Maintenance of the roads and paths 0–4
Number of crop species/UAA (N/ha) SIARL Database S_3_d Crop diversification 0–6
Selling through direct sale (farm shop) Questionnaire S_4_a Direct sales 0–3 S_4 Short food supply chain 30
Selling through online website, portals, etc. Questionnaire S_4_b Online sales 0–1
Income from short chain channels/income from conventional channels (%) Questionnaire S_4_c Direct sales relevance 0–20
Number of product sold through direct sale channels Questionnaire S_4_d Product sold through direct sales 0–∞
Sales through ethical purchasing groups Questionnaire S_4_e Sales through ethical purchasing groups 0–3
Sales through farmers’ markets Questionnaire S_4_f Sales through farmers’ markets 0–2
Sales to restaurant and shops Questionnaire S_4_g Sales to restaurant and shops 0–2
Sales to dining halls Questionnaire S_4_h Sales to dining halls 0–3
Social services (e.g. snow removal, composting, maintenance of private and public green areas) Questionnaire S_5_a Social services 0–2 S_5 Related activities 20
Type of related activities (e.g. agritourism, B&B, restaurant) Questionnaire S_5_b Type of related activities 0–10
Educational farm, teaching Questionnaire S_5_c Educational farm 0–5
Presence of other social activities (e.g. disadvantages people, children, social inclusion) Questionnaire S_5_d Social activities 0–5
UAA/annual amount of work (ha/h) SIARL Database, Questionnaire S_6_a Annual Work Unit (AWU) 0–8 S_6 Work 25
Number of new employments (in the last 5 years) Questionnaire S_6_b New employments 0–∞
Number of farm products processing Questionnaire S_6_c Farm products processing 0–∞
Number of workers who resided in the farm buildings Questionnaire S_7_a Workers who resides in the farm buildings 0–2 S_7 Sustainability of the employment 15
Number of local workers/total number of employee (%) Questionnaire S_7_b Local workers 0–1
Number of female workers/total number of workers (%) Questionnaire S_7_c Female workers 0–4
Age of the entrepreneur Questionnaire S_7_d Youth entrepreneurship 0–4
Youth workers/total number of workers (%) Questionnaire S_7_e Youth employment 0–4
Training courses for workers formation Questionnaire S_8_a Training courses 0–∞ S_8 Training 10
Presence of trainees from schools and universities Questionnaire S_8_b Trainees 0–2
Training activities unfold in farm Questionnaire S_8_c Training activities unfold in the farm 0–2
Employment of disadvantaged people among the workers Questionnaire S_8_d Disadvantaged people hired 0–5
Number of animal species bred SIARL Database S_9_a Animal species 0–∞ S_9 Livestock management 25
S_9_b1 Type of stable
S_9_b2 Management by physiological phases
S_9_b3 Systems of ventilation or heat reduction
S_9_b4 Quality/quantity control of the feed
S_9_b5 Attendance at birth
S_9_b6 Systems of cleaning
Questionnaire S_9_b Cattle 0–20
S_9_c1 Type of flooring
S_9_c2 Systems of ventilation or heat reduction
S_9_c3 Handling systems of animals
S_9_c4 Presence of materials of environmental enrichment
Questionnaire S_9_c Swine 0–20
S_9_d1 Type of stable
S_9_d2 Systems of ventilation or heat reduction
S_9_d3 Presence of openings and/or windows
S_9_d4 Quality/quantity control of the feed
Questionnaire S_9_d Poultry 0–20
S_9_e1 Outdoor spaces and pasturage
S_9_e2 Quality/quantity of the feed
S_9_e3 Attendance at birth
S_9_e4 Systems of cleaning
Questionnaire S_9_e Sheep and goats 0–20
Participation in associations Questionnaire S_10_a Association 0–5 S_10 Associations and social implications 15
Position of responsibility in associations Questionnaire S_10_b Responsibility in the associations 0–5
Participation in consortium Questionnaire S_10_c Consortium 0–5
The entrepreneur resides in farm Questionnaire S_10_d Residence of the entrepreneur in farm 0–2
Direct sales managed in cooperation with other farms and associations Questionnaire S_11_a Direct sales managed in cooperation 0–2 S_11 Cooperation 10
Selling of other farm’s products in the direct sale Questionnaire S_11_b Selling of other farm’s products 0–2
Agritourism managed in cooperation Questionnaire S_11_c Agritourism managed in cooperation 0–2
Farm structures and/or machineries managed in cooperation Questionnaire S_11_d Farm structures and machineries managed in cooperation 0–2
Workforce managed in cooperation Questionnaire S_11_e Workers managed in cooperation 0–2
Separate waste management Questionnaire S_12_a Waste management 0–4 S_12 Waste management 15
Use of recyclable materials for the farm activities Questionnaire S_12_b Recyclable materials for the farm activities 0–4
Use of compost Questionnaire S_12_c Use of compost 0–3
Mulching Questionnaire S_12_d Mulching 0–4  
Presence of public farm spaces Questionnaire S_13_a Public farm spaces 0–5 S_13 Accessibility to the farm spaces 10
Presence of recreational farm spaces Questionnaire S_13_b Recreational farm spaces 0–5
Self produced feed/Feed requirement (%) Questionnaire S_14_a Self-produced feed 0–5 S_14 Sustainable use of materials 15
Self-produced fertilizer/fertilizer requirement
(% of nitrogen)
Questionnaire S_14_b Self-produced fertilizers –1–5
Amount of livestock comeback Questionnaire S_14_c Livestock comeback 0–4
Use of methods for the water saving Questionnaire S_14_d Saving water 0–2
Self-produced seeds and plants Questionnaire S_14_e Self-produced seeds and plants 0–2
Schooling level of the farm workers Questionnaire S_15_a Schooling level of the farm workers 0–10 S_15 Education 10