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Table 1 Description, measurements and expected signs of variables

From: Farmgate versus market centre sales: a multi-crop approach

Variable Description Measurement Expected sign
Dependent variables
PART Binary variable indicating the decision to participate in the market or not Dummy: 1 = farmer participates in market (sold maize/groundnut); 0 = otherwise  
POS Binary variable indicating the decision to sell to the market centre or farmgate Dummy: 1 = market centre; 0 = farmgate  
Independent variables
AGE Age of farmer Number of years +/−
GEN Gender of farmer Dummy: 1 = if male; 0 = otherwise +
EDUC Educational level of farmer Number of years of schooling +/−
MARST Marital status of farmer Dummy: 1 = if married; 0 = otherwise +/−
HHSIZE Household size of farmer Number of people in the household +/−
MFBO Membership of farmer to farmer-based organisation Dummy: 1 = if member; 0 = otherwise +
YIELD Yield of maize or groundnut in the 2011 production season Ratio of output to farm size +
ACCRE Access to credit by farmer Dummy: 1 = if farmer applied and received credit; 0 = otherwise +
MKTINFO Farmer’s access to market information Dummy: 1 = if yes; 0 = otherwise +
EXTCON Access to extension services Dummy: 1 = if yes; 0 = otherwise +
PRICE Average price of maize or groundnut sold Ghana Cedi (GH¢) per kg +
FOS Form of sale of groundnut Dummy: 1 = shelled; 0 = unshelled +/−