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Table 1 Vollrath’s indices of revealed competitive advantage for Egypt and other major orange suppliers to Russia

From: Demand relationships in orange exports to Russia: a differential demand system approach focusing on Egypt

  Morocco Argentina Egypt Greece Turkey South Africa
Relative export advantage (RXA) = Balassa’s RCA index
 1996 34.96 0.72 9.35 7.21 1.62 10.35
 2000 19.70 0.38 27.66 7.57 2.47 13.82
 2004 15.02 0.67 15.16 7.62 2.29 18.76
 2008 18.85 0.61 47.90 8.94 2.82 23.63
 2012 7.91 0.24 41.12 8.69 5.42 23.37
 2014 5.81 0.25 40.87 10.15 4.16 24.48
 Average 1996–2014 16.11 0.58 26.24 9.45 3.38 18.73
Natural logarithm of the relative export advantage (lnRXA)
 1996 3.55 −0.33 2.24 1.98 0.48 2.34
 2000 2.98 −0.98 3.32 2.02 0.90 2.63
 2004 2.71 −0.40 2.72 2.03 0.83 2.93
 2008 2.94 −0.49 3.87 2.19 1.04 3.16
 2012 2.07 −1.45 3.72 2.16 1.69 3.15
 2014 1.76 −1.38 3.71 2.32 1.42 3.20
 Average 1996–2014 2.66 −0.64 3.11 2.23 1.13 2.89
Relative trade advantage (RTA)
 1996 34.96 0.54 9.35 7.08 1.44 10.32
 2000 19.70 −0.81 27.66 7.52 2.47 13.77
 2004 15.02 0.64 15.16 6.55 2.05 18.74
 2008 18.85 0.47 47.90 8.57 2.60 23.52
 2012 7.91 0.24 41.11 8.52 5.18 23.32
 2014 5.81 0.24 40.87 10.06 4.01 24.40
 Average 1996–2014 16.11 0.38 26.24 9.21 3.19 18.68
Revealed competitiveness index (RC)
 1996 17.19 1.41 16.72 4.02 2.18 5.94
 2000 16.40 −1.15 17.51 4.98 7.60 5.55
 2004 9.03 3.15 9.39 1.96 2.25 7.17
 2008 11.74 1.50 18.95 3.19 2.54 5.42
 2012 16.52 6.42 8.67 3.96 3.09 6.11
 2014 16.19 3.21 10.27 4.71 3.37 5.66
 Average 1996–2014 15.04 2.76 12.72 3.98 4.02 6.15
  1. Source: Author’s calculations based on data from the World Bank, WITS (2015)