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Table 4 Elasticity estimates for Russia’s orange imports, 1996–2014

From: Demand relationships in orange exports to Russia: a differential demand system approach focusing on Egypt

Supplier Elasticities
  Expenditure Own price Cross price
    Turkey Egypt Morocco South Africa Argentina Greece RoW
Turkey 0.251 −1.097   −0.322 0.362 0.082 0.216 0.121 0.387
(1.443) (0.430)*   (0.142)* (0.176)* −0.082 (0.034)* (0.059)* (0.524)*
Egypt 1.085 −0.987 0.714   −0.588 0.123 −0.501 −0.131 0.276
(0.175)* (0.117)* (0.107)*   (0.160)* (0.061)* (0.422) (0.062)* (0.151)*
Morocco 1.712 −0.872 0.914 −0.802   −0.598 −0.473 −0.266 0.385
(0.269)* (0.103)* (0.488)* (0.191)*   (0.161)* (0.281) (0.234) (0.087)*
South Africa 0.477 −0.867 −0.439 0.395 0.177   0.125 0.255 −0.123
(0.225)* (0.061)* (0.286) (0.002)* (0.025)*   (0.089) (0.203) (0.310)
Argentina 0.204 −0.471 0.534 −0.222 0.175 0.125   0.337 −0.682
(0.110)* (0.133)* (0.060)* (0.288) (0.104)* (0.089)   (0.181)* (0.242)*
Greece 0.316 −0.563 0.113 0.242 0.264 0.143 −0.284   −0.231
(0.128)* (0.084)* (0.44)* (0.381) (0.012)* (0.299) (0.173)*   (0.038)*
RoW 0.753 −0.241 0.382 −0.562 0.258 −0.457 −0.314 0.181  
(0.599) (0.221) (0.157)* (0.413) (0.121)* (0.345) (0.306) (0.382)  
  1. Note: figures within parentheses are the asymptotic standard errors
  2. *Significance level ≤0.05