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Table 1 Summary statistics of the variables and food security status

From: Categorizing households into different food security states in Nigeria: the socio-economic and demographic determinants

Description Variable Mean Std. dev.
Dietary diversity score DDS 4.5739 1.2547
Real monthly per capita food expenditure FOODexp 16,084.9 12,946.2
Food insecurity (FI) indicator 1: identified food security states
 Completely food insecure households from both indicators FS_states = 3 0.1574  
 Transitory food insecure based on FOODexp & food secure based on DDS FS_states = 2 0.2394  
 Transitory food insecure based on DDS & food secure based on FOODexp FS_states = 1 0.1788  
 Completely food secure households from both indicators FS_states = 0 0.4244  
Food insecurity (FI) indicator 2: Dietary Diversity Index
 Average Dietary Diversity Index DDI 0.5849 0.1892
Real per capita total expenditure in Naira—a proxy for HH incomea HH_INCOME 28,678.08 32,724.82
 Household size HHSIZE 4.8479 2.9067
 Average year of education of the Household head (in years) EDUCATION 7.3680 7.3580
 Household head that are male (1/0) D_GENDER 0.8562 0.3509
 Household head with farming as major occupation (1/0) D_OCCUPATION 0.6257 0.4839
 Households that only home-produced food consumed (1/0) D_OWNPRODUCEONLY 0.0139 0.1172
 Household that only purchase food consumed (1/0) D_PURCHASEONLY 0.3083 0.4618
 Households with member within <25 years (1/0) D_AGE<20 0.0221 0.1470
 Households with member within 25–29 years (1/0) D_AGE25-29 0.0659 0.2481
 Households with member within 30–34 years (1/0) D_AGE30-34 0.1042 0.3056
 Households with member within 35–39 years (1/0) D_AGE35-39 0.1226 0.3279
 Households with member within 40–44 years (1/0) D_AGR40-44 0.1321 0.3386
 Households located in the rural areas (1/0) D_RURAL 0.7613 0.4263
 Households located in the south-south SS region (1/0) D_SOUTH-SOUTH 0.1512 0.3583
 Households located in the south-east SE region (1/0) D_SOUTH-EAST 0.1421 0.3492
 Households located in the south-west SW region (1/0) D_SOUTH-West 0.1697 0.3754
 Households located in the north-central NC region (1/0) D_NORTH-CENTRAL 0.1768 0.3815
 Households located in the north-west NW region (1/0) D_NORTH-WEST 0.2014 0.4010
  1. aNote: Expenditure is expressed in Nigerian currency (naira) and 1US$ = 133 naira as at 2003/2004; Variables with D stands for dummies