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Table 3 Socio-economic and demographic determinants of households being different food-poverty states

From: Categorizing households into different food security states in Nigeria: the socio-economic and demographic determinants

Explanatory variables Probability of food insecure HH based on DDS indicator only Probability of food insecure HH based on FOODexpindicator only Probability of food insecure HH from both indicators
Coefficients Std. error Coefficients Std. error Coefficients Std. error
LOG_HHINCOMEa −0.5658*** 0.1331 −4.4065*** 0.1115 −3.4135*** 0.1213
LOG_HHSIZE 0.4718*** 0.0759 −0.7135*** 0.0648 −0.4732*** 0.0722
LOG_EDUCATION 0.0263** 0.0103 0.1417*** 0.0200 0.0824*** 0.0112
D_OCCUPATION (farming) 0.2788*** 0.0688 −0.6453*** 0.0653 0.7501 0.0737
D_GENDER (male) −0.1029 0.0649 −0.0186 0.0724 0.0273 0.0798
D_HOMEPRODUCEDONLY 1.5369*** 0.5955 1.6638*** 0.5321 1.6620*** 0.5451
D_PURCHASEONLY −0.2780*** 0.0695 −0.0930** 0.0447 −0.4131*** 0.0698
D_AGE<25 −0.2322* 0.1340 −0.0628 0.1789 0.1205 0.1764
D_AGE25-29 −0.1940** 0.0849 −0.1075 0.1014 −0.1834* 0.1093
D_AGE30-34 −0.2683*** 0.0734 −0.3341*** 0.0771 −0.2709*** 0.0818
D_AGE35-39 −0.3199*** 0.0703 −0.2984*** 0.0684 −0.3526*** 0.0745
D_AGE40-44 −0.1847*** 0.0689 −0.0926 0.0640 −0.1503** 0.0699
D_RURAL 0.2324*** 0.0735 −0.5887* 0.0700 0.0204 0.0804
D_SOUTH-SOUTH −0.7338*** 0.0778 −0.1636** 0.0838 −0.5022*** 0.0897
D_SOUTH-EAST −1.0018*** 0.0824 −0.3004*** 0.0962 −0.7490*** 0.1024
D_SOUTH-WEST −0.3327*** 0.0775 −0.8411*** 0.0871 −1.0147*** 0.0929
D_NORTH-CENTRAL −0.7022*** 0.0833 −0.2828*** 0.0856 −0.6943*** 0.0930
D_NORTH-WEST −0.4174*** 0.0796 −1.0142*** 0.0858 −0.8237*** 0.0886
Constant 5.8412*** 1.4659 45.3757*** 1.2039 34.0435*** 1.3198
  1. ***, **, *Implies that the estimated parameters are significantly different from zero at 1, 5, and 10% significance level, respectively. Figures in parentheses are standard error
  2. aWe use income of household as instrument on total expenditure taken as a proxy for household income in the study