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Table 1 Descriptive statistics

From: The single farm payment and income risk in Irish farms 2005–2013

Variable Mean Standard deviation
 Detrended standard deviation of gross market output 11,842 12,287
 Initial decoupled subsidies (€) 21,787 15,547
 Change in decoupled subsidies (€) −351 7184
 Mean coupled subsidies (€) 2286 2880
 Mean gross output 70,924 78,844
Farm characteristics Mean Standard deviation
 Mean livestock units per hectare 1.34 0.60
 Mean daily concentrates per L.U. (kg) 1.45 1.23
 Mean crop protection cost 1120 3476
 Mean fertiliser cost 6572 7196
 Mean farmer age 53.9 11.0
 Mean farmed area (ha) 56.7 43.1
Off-farm work Percent Observations
 Initial off-farm job, farmer 27.1 252
 Initial off-farm job, spouse 36.8 341
Initial farm system Percent Observations
 Cattle rearing 21.6 200
 Cattle and other 18.4 171
 Dairy 26.9 249
 Dairy and other 13.3 123
 Sheep 11.2 104
 Tillage 8.6 80