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Table 3 Main areas of difference between ISPO, MSPO, and RSPO

From: Risks and opportunities from key importers pushing for sustainability: the case of Indonesian palm oil

  ISPO MSPO RSPO
Environment Relies on national legislation Relies on national legislation Relies on a comprehensive guideline for compliance with environmental provisions
High conservation value land (HCV) Requires HCV identification, but does not define identification procedures in details Does not mention HCV protection Requires HCV identification, and identification procedure is clearly defined
Peatland Under specified conditions, planting on peatland is allowed Developed guidelines for best practices on peatland Encourages voluntary commitments to avoid planting on peatlands
New planting cutoff datesa Does not provide a cutoff date Does not provide a have cutoff date It provides cutoff date
Social Does not provide extensive social impact assessment requirements Requires a social impact assessment and a system for complaints, but this is not outlined in details. Requires comprehensive social impact assessment
Free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) standards No explicit reference to this standard Mentioned that FPIC shall be recorded Provides detailed guidelines
Workers right Does not have a requirement for employee/worker contracts. Employees/workers must be enrolled in the government’s social security program. Requires a policy on workers’ rights, in accordance with national standards, and provides some detail on what this should entail. Provides details guidelines on worker rights, health, and safety.
Compliance Requires full compliance with all criteria Requires that internal audit procedure are documented and evaluated, in order to implement necessary corrective action through continuous improvement action plans Requires full compliance with all criteria
  1. Source: Based on Effica (undated)
  2. aA date after which new plantings should not replace primary forest or areas required to maintain HCV areas