Variable

Mean values
 

Adopters

Nonadopters

Total sample

t statistic


Paddy yield (YIELD)

2896.74 (818)

2000.80 (637)

0.640 (0.674)

2.471***

Area under paddy (ARPD)

1.033 (0.684)

0.378 (0.397)

0.629 (0.538)

14.865***

Farming experience (EXP)

21.63 (8.487)

23.57 (8.232)

22.02 (8.317)

− 0.841

Farmer education (EDNH)

5.421 (2.711)

2.882 (2.990)

3.014 (2.348)

14.824***

Average education (AVGEDN)

7.868 (2.393)

6.091 (2.019)

7.00 (2.227)

6.862***

Household size (HS)

6.527 (1.921)

6.601 (1.682)

6.561 (1.804)

− 0.361

Total labor cost (TLC)

20,666 (21279)

10,043 (7410)

15,744 (16387)

5.598***

Fertilizer used (FRTR)

68.72 (31.32)

32.42 (31.33)

55.21 (34.47)

8.321***

Tenancy structure (TNCY)

0.032 (0.078)

0.067 (0.097)

0.048 (0.087)

− 3.523***

Distance to market (MKTD)

2.516 (1.148)

2.439 (1.074)

2.451 (1.119)

0.742

Livestock (LIVSTK)

7.432 (3.666)

2.553 (1.508)

4.942 (2.790)

15.145***

 The figures within the brackets are standard deviations corresponding to the mean values of the respective variables. The difference between the mean values of all continuous variables pertaining to adopters and nonadopters is tested under the assumption of equal variances (*** and ** indicate significance at 1% and 5% level, respectively)
 Source: author’s field survey 2012 to 2013