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Table 2 Descriptive statistics and mean differences of continuous variables

From: Impact of farmer education on farm productivity under varying technologies: case of paddy growers in India

Variable Mean values  
Adopters Non-adopters Total sample t statistic
Paddy yield (YIELD) 2896.74 (818) 2000.80 (637) 0.640 (0.674) 2.471***
Area under paddy (ARPD) 1.033 (0.684) 0.378 (0.397) 0.629 (0.538) 14.865***
Farming experience (EXP) 21.63 (8.487) 23.57 (8.232) 22.02 (8.317) − 0.841
Farmer education (EDNH) 5.421 (2.711) 2.882 (2.990) 3.014 (2.348) 14.824***
Average education (AVGEDN) 7.868 (2.393) 6.091 (2.019) 7.00 (2.227) 6.862***
Household size (HS) 6.527 (1.921) 6.601 (1.682) 6.561 (1.804) − 0.361
Total labor cost (TLC) 20,666 (21279) 10,043 (7410) 15,744 (16387) 5.598***
Fertilizer used (FRTR) 68.72 (31.32) 32.42 (31.33) 55.21 (34.47) 8.321***
Tenancy structure (TNCY) 0.032 (0.078) 0.067 (0.097) 0.048 (0.087) − 3.523***
Distance to market (MKTD) 2.516 (1.148) 2.439 (1.074) 2.451 (1.119) 0.742
Livestock (LIVSTK) 7.432 (3.666) 2.553 (1.508) 4.942 (2.790) 15.145***
  1. The figures within the brackets are standard deviations corresponding to the mean values of the respective variables. The difference between the mean values of all continuous variables pertaining to adopters and non-adopters is tested under the assumption of equal variances (*** and ** indicate significance at 1% and 5% level, respectively)
  2. Source: author’s field survey 2012 to 2013