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Table 4 Descriptive summary of discrete variables

From: Determinants of food insecurity in the rural farm households in South Wollo Zone of Ethiopia: the case of the Teleyayen sub-watershed

Variable Food secure (n = 45) Food insecure (n = 170) Chi-square value Asymp. sig (2-sided)
Number Percent Number Percent
Education status of the HH head
 Literate 20 44.4 39 22.9 8.26 0.004*
 Illiterate 25 55.6 131 77.1
Gender of the HH head
 Male 38 84.4 134 78.8 0.703 0.402
 Female 7 15.6 36 21.2
Access to PSNP
 Yes 10 22.2 37 21.8 0.004 0.947
 No 35 77.8 133 78.2
Access to credit service
 Yes 31 68.9 135 79.4 2.24 0.135
 No 14 31.1 35 20.6
Rainfall reliability
 Yes 2 4.4 8 4.7 0.005 0.941
 No 43 95.6 162 95.3
Access to off-farm income
 Yes 6 13.3 33 19.4 0.885 0.347
 No 39 86.7 137 80.6
Government support
 Yes 16 35.6 58 34.1 0.033 0.857
 No 29 64.4 112 65.9
  1. Source: authors’ survey result, 2016
  2. *Indicates significant level at 0.05