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Table 2 Social and economic characteristics by treatment group (ANOVA test and pairwise comparison)

From: Consumer acceptance of an iron bean variety in Northwest Guatemala: the role of information and repeated messaging

Variable Definition Mean (S.D.)  
Treatment 1 (no information) N = 120 Treatment 2 (information once) N = 120 Treatment 3 (information three times) N = 119 Prob > F Tukey P > t T1 vs T2 T1 vs T3 T2 vs T3
Age Respondent’s age (in years) 36.24 (11.40) 35.82 (11.41) 34.96 (34.96) 0.73 0.33 0.50 0.18
Malea 1 if respondent’s gender is male, 0 otherwise 45.46% 23.01% 37.23% 0.00 0.00c 0.08a 0.03b
Literate 1 if respondent knows how to read and write 78.03% 76.25% 73.00% 0.77 0.21 0.37 0.15
Household sizeb Number of HH members 6.32 (2.53) 6.06 (2.67) 5.46 (2.10) 0.02 0.33 0.12 0.06a
Monthly expenditure Total expenditures in the last 30 days (in Quetzals) 2447 (1217) 2629 (2179) 2265 (1071) 0.20 0.19 0.17 0.31
The Progress out of Poverty index (PPI) HH Poverty level according to Grameen Foundation Index 60.93% 66.47% 65.45% 0.31 0.44 0.27 0.13
Food Frequency Index (FFI) Counting of 15 food groups consumed in the last 7 days (less than 4 = 0, 4–6 = 1, 7+ = 2) 6.34 (3.19) 5.90 (2.44) 5.93 (2.57) 0.39 0.15 0.19 0.20
Infants under 12 months % HHs with infants less than 12 months old 22.51% 25.01% 20.34% 0.40 0.13 0.21 0.16
Children between 1 and 5 years oldc % HHs with children between 1 and 5 years 53.32% 40.03% 45.20% 0.06 0.00c 0.07a 0.02b
Quantity of beans at home Quantity of beans at home when the first sample was delivered (Ibs) 405.95 (486.34) 326.54 (460.39) 343.85 (468.32) 0.39 0.14 0.14 0.11
Anemia knowledge Index describing anemia knowledge (min = 0, max = 12) 3.48 (3.06) 3.56 (3.54) 3.76 (3.69) 0.81 0.18 0.22 0.35
Information Retention Indexc Information Retention Index (min = 0, max = 4) 0 (0) 0.991 (0.78) 1.252 (1.03) 0.00 0.01c 0.00c 0.09a
Winner 1 if participant won 39.10% 49.12% 47.02% 0.26 0.20 0.15 0.11
Won and paid (% of those who paid among winners) 1 if participant won and paid 63.89% 52.56% 64.31% 0.23 0.12 0.11 0.23
Won and did not pay (% of those who did not pay among winners) 1 if participant won and did not pay 17.02%% 23.72% 10.70% 0.17 0.19 0.12 0.27
Won and could not pay (% of those who could not pay among winners) 1 if participant won and could not pay 19.13% 23.72% 25.01% 0.27 0.19 0.23 0.12
% of those who stated no money as reason for no pay 1 if lack of money was the main reason for no payment 9.40% 10.92% 10.92% 0.14 0.11 0.15 0.11
  1. aStatistically different at 10% significance level
  2. bStatistically different at 5% significance level
  3. cStatistically different at 1% significance level