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Table 1 Italian decisions on DPs

From: The CAP 2013 reform of direct payments: redistributive effects and impacts on farm income concentration in Italy

Decision National choice
Active farmer (exemption threshold) < 1250 € for other areas; < 5000 € for mountain areas
Minimum requirements for receiving DPs < 250 € DPs in 2015–2016; < 300 € DPs in 2017
Regional or national model/internal convergence National/“tunnel” model
Basic payment scheme (BPS) 58% of national budget
Redistributive payment No
Greening (amount of payment) 30% of national budget (calculated as 30% of payment entitlements held by the farmer)
Areas that have natural constraints No
Young farmers payment (YFP) 1% of national budget (value: 25% of the average value of payment entitlements)
Voluntary coupled support (VCS) 11% of national budget (of which 25.1% is for beef, 20.8% for milk, 16.4% for olive oil, 14% for cereals, 8.3% for protein crops, 5.3% for rice, 4% for sugar beet, 3.5 for sheep, 2.6% for industrial tomato production)
Small farmers scheme (max. payment) Yes (< 1250 €)
Degressivity and capping (% reduction in DPs) 50% if dir. paym. > 150 M €; 100% if dir. paym. > 500 M €; salary costs deducted
  1. Source: Ciliberti and Frascarelli (2015)