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Table 3 Summary statistics of all covariates

From: Factors affecting adoption of improved sorghum varieties in Tanzania under information and capital constraints

Variables Adopters Non-adopters p values
Proportions
If household head is resident
 No 0.004 0.019 0.708
 Yes 0.996 0.981  
Household type
 Female headed 0.141 0.117 0.376
 Male headed 0.859 0.883  
Marital status of household head
 Widow 0.091 0.117 0.035**
 Divorced 0.028 0.047 0.198
 Single 0.026 0.025 0.988
 Married 0.855 0.811 0.11
Education of household head
 Cannot read and write 0.117 0.169 0.047**
 No school but car read and write 0.015 0.031 0.185
 Primary level education (1–3 years) 0.038 0.044 0.828
 Primary level education (4–7 years) 0.737 0.702 0.33
 More than 7 years of education 0.094 0.054 0.058*
Gender of the main farmer
 Female 0.214 0.186 0.372
 Male 0.782 0.811  
 Sample size 505 317  
  Mean and standard deviation  
Weighted labor equivalent scale 17.617 17.779 0.742
(6.985) (6.638)
Household size using adult equivalent scale 3.794 3.782 0.882
(1.123) (1.124)
Unweighted household size 6.382 6.416 0.831
(2.208) (2.235)
Dependent ratio 0.749 0.711 0.078*
(0.628) (0.543)
Age of household head 47.540 47.990 0.667
(14.280) (15.030)
Geometric mean age of all adults 36.380 37.190 0.277
(10.430) (10.340)
Weighted education for all adults 8.224 7.656 0.041**
(3.855) (3.892)
Knowledge on improved seeds (years) 3.970 2.340 0.001**
(6.150) (7.840)
Total household wealth (Tshs) 933,069.290 819,294.960 0.281
(171,829.620) (129,425.150)
Quality of government extension services 6.250 4.700 0.000***
(4.030) (3.990)
Quality of extension services from NGOs 1.280 1.050 0.214
(2.820) (2.370)
Participation in market activities (%) 18.130 10.460 0.463
Participation in credit market (%) 7.540 4.010 0.415
  Number Number % adopters
Minimum interaction with research 87 58 60
Some interaction with research activities 358 199 64.27
High interaction with research activities 60 60 50
Intermediate Potential 207 143 59.14
High potential 298 174 63.14
Dodoma Region 62 40 60.78
Kilimanjaro Region 31 26 54.39
Manyara Region 63 47 57.27
Shinyanga Region 63 55 53.39
Singida Region 286 149 65.75
  1. The stars show statistical significance at the 1% (***), 5% (**), and * 10% level. p value is the probability value from the parametric z-test. For continuous variables, numbers in parenthesis are standard deviations