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Table 6 Probit estimation of food security using walking distance

From: Welfare and food security response of animal feed and water resource scarcity in Northern Ethiopia

Variables (ME) (ME) (ME)
HHFS HHFS HHFS
Ln(output) 0.0280** 0.0315** 0.0153
(0.0134) (0.0140) (0.0145)
Ln(livestock) − 0.0257** − 0.0236* − 0.0269**
(0.0120) (0.0122) (0.0121)
Ln(Family size) − 0.203*** − 0.202*** − 0.206***
(0.0591) (0.0596) (0.0598)
Gender(1/0) − 0.0880 − 0.0596 − 0.0853
(0.0670) (0.0669) (0.0668)
Information(1/0) 0.0629 0.0358 0.0506
(0.0584) (0.0592) (0.0585)
Location(1/0) − 0.0963 − 0.126 − 0.169
(0.146) (0.134) (0.124)
Ln(marketD) − 0.0447 − 0.0540 − 0.0409
(0.0376) (0.0379) (0.0374)
Shock13(1/0) − 0.138 − 0.155 − 0.151
(0.197) (0.187) (0.189)
Ln(shocks) 0.355 0.404* 0.395*
(0.240) (0.219) (0.224)
Religion(1/0) 0.147** 0.135** 0.135**
(0.0649) (0.0653) (0.0653)
Network(1/0) − 0.0703 − 0.0419 − 0.0482
(0.0645) (0.0640) (0.0636)
Age(years( − 0.000700 − 0.000232 − 0.000741
(0.00185) (0.00185) (0.00185)
Ln(income) 0.0327*** 0.0321*** 0.0324***
(0.00293) (0.00293) (0.00295)
Ln(ShadowPW) − 0.0594*   
(0.0327)   
Ln(ShadowPG)   − 0.0533*  
  (0.0307)  
Ln(ShadowPF)    − 0.0418**
   (0.0185)
Observed probability 0.4824 0.4792 0.4824
Predicted probability 0.3803 0.3723 0.3792
Pseudo R2 0.4379 0.4404 0.4405
Observation 514 514 514
  1. P values are for slopes: ***P < 0.01, **P < 0.05, and *P < 0.10 = significant at 1%, 5%, and 10% probability level, respectively