From: Welfare and food security response of animal feed and water resource scarcity in Northern Ethiopia

Estimates |
Effect on output (Y)
| Effect on PCFE | Total effect |
---|---|---|---|

Panel A using distance value | \( \frac{dY}{dT} \) | \( \frac{d\mathrm{PCFE}}{dT} \) | \( \frac{d\mathrm{PCFE}}{dY}\frac{dY}{dT}+\frac{d\mathrm{PCFE}}{dT} \) |

Water scarcity (T_{w})
| − 0.155 | − 0.133 | − 0.142 |

Grazing scarcity (T_{f})
| − 0.279 | − 0.086 | − .102 |

Straw scarcity (T_{t})
| − 0. 328 | − .0731 | − .092 |

Panel B using shadow price | |||

Water scarcity (T_{w})
| − 0.074 | − 0.0529 | − .057 |

Grazing scarcity (T_{f})
| − 0.094 | − 0.0627 | − .068 |

Straw scarcity (T_{t})
| − 0.154 | − 0.0421 | − .051 |