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Table 5 Mixed-effect estimation result with interaction/with shocks

From: Shocks in food availability and intra-household resources allocation: evidence on children nutrition outcomes in Ethiopia

Variables (1) (2) (3)
Weight-for-age z-score Length/height-for-age z-score Weight-for-length/height z-score
Age of a child in months − 0.008*** − 0.004 − 0.006**
(0.00) (0.00) (0.00)
Breastfeeding duration in months 0.007 0.013*** − 0.000
(0.00) (0.00) (0.00)
Male dummy 0.021 0.067 − 0.058
(0.10) (0.14) (0.10)
Household size 0.007 0.034 − 0.009
(0.02) (0.04) (0.03)
Number of sisters − 0.031 − 0.070** 0.016
(0.02) (0.03) (0.02)
Number of meals shared over the past 7 days 0.019 0.000 0.026
(0.02) (0.03) (0.02)
Female # shock_index − 0.045 − 0.016 − 0.032
(0.13) (0.19) (0.14)
Male # shock_index − 0.084 − 0.194 0.024
(0.10) (0.15) (0.11)
HH distance in (km) to nearest major road 0.003 0.007** − 0.000
(0.00) (0.00) (0.00)
Plot distance in (km) to HH − 0.010* − 0.015* − 0.002
(0.01) (0.01) (0.01)
1 if medical aid, 0 otherwise − 0.125 0.052 − 0.232**
(0.08) (0.12) (0.09)
Mother’s hours spent on collecting firewood 0.010 0.006 0.011
(0.03) (0.04) (0.03)
How many rooms 0.153 0.184*** 0.058
(0.03) (0.05) (0.04)
Yes if credit over the past 12 months, 0 otherwise − 0.021 − 0.060 0.019
(0.08) (0.11) (0.08)
1 if spouse live together, 0 otherwise 0.092 − 0.095 0.158
(0.14) (0.21) (0.15)
Mother’s hours spent in agric activity in the last 7 days? 0.002 0.005* − 0.001
(0.00) (0.00) (0.00)
Mother’s hours spent working at PSNP within 12 months − 0.003 − 0.007 0.002
(0.00) (0.01) (0.00)
Max_primary edu 0.279*** 0.349*** 0.088
(0.09) (0.13) (0.09)
Junior level edu 0.317 0.019 0.420*
(0.24) (0.34) (0.24)
Senior and above level edu 0.711** 0.663* 0.479*
(0.25) (0.37) (0.26)
Tigrai − 0.212 − 0.366 − 0.053
(0.18) (0.26) (0.18)
Oromo 0.354*** 0.466** 0.141
(0.13) (0.19) (0.13)
SNNP 0.233 0.127 0.241
(0.14) (0.21) (0.15)
Other regions 0.370** 0.416** 0.188
(0.15) (0.21) (0.15)
Tropic-warm/semiarid − 0.023 − 0.891 0.764**
(0.38) (0.55) (0.39)
Tropic-warm/subhumid 0.158 − 0.447 0.682*
(0.40) (0.58) (0.41)
Tropic-warm/humid 1.469 0.470 1.883
(1.27) (1.89) (1.40)
Tropic-cool/arid − 0.370 − 1.182 0.428
(0.74) (1.08) (0.78)
Tropic-cool/semiarid 0.222 − 0.782 1.089***
(0.37) (0.54) (0.38)
Tropic-cool/subhumid 0.252 − 0.864 1.163***
(0.38) (0.55) (0.39)
Tropic-cool/humid 0.045 − 1.013* 1.002**
(0.39) (0.57) (0.41)
Constant − 1.817 − 1.469 − 1.580
(0.46) (0.67) (0.48)
Number of observations 1427 1427 1427
 SD (idcoleg1) − 0.302 − 0.041 − 0.503
(0.06) (0.08) (0.10)
 SD (idclase1) − 1.066 − 0.914 −12.287
(0.32) (0.57) (854.06)
 SD (residual) − 0.071 0.406 0.166
(0.03) (0.03) (0.03)
ICC-L1
ICC-L2
-2LL − 2242.016 − 2833.798 − 2410.041
df 31.0 31.0 31.0
  1. Source: Authors’ estimation result from LSMS data in Ethiopia, standard errors in parentheses, ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1