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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the sampled households

From: Analysis of households food insecurity and its coping mechanisms in Western Ethiopia

Variables Frequency (N) Percent (%)
Household head
 Female 30 10.87
 Male 246 89.13
Nature of households settlement
 Native 155 56.16
 Settler 121 43.84
Marital status:
 Single 9 3.27
 Married 236 85.5
 Divorced 19 6.89
 Widowed 12 4.34
Age of the household head
 ≤ 30 16 5.79
 30–40 132 47.83
 40–50 102 36.96
 ≥ 50 26 9.42
Family size
 < 5 104 37.67
 5–10 161 58.33
 > 10 11 4
Literacy status
 No formal education 148 53.62
 Have a formal education 128 46.38
Agricultural activities
 Crop production 60 21.74
 Livestock production 11 3.98
 Both 205 74.28
Access to irrigation
 Non-users 121 43.84
 Users 155 56.16
Farm income (USDa)
  < 117.65 124 44.93
 117.65–235.29 44 15.94
 235.29–411.76 45 16.30
 411.76–764.71 35 12.68
 > 764.71 28 10.15
Off/non-farm income (USDa)
 Non-participant 173 62.68
 < 117.65 29 10.51
 117.65–352.94 48 17.39
 > 352.94 26 9.42
Cultivated land (ha)
 0 11 3.98
 ≤ 0.5 102 36.96
 0.5–1 93 33.70
 > 1 70 25.36
Access to credit
 No 223 80.79
 Yes 53 19.21
Remittance and aid
 No 262 94.93
 Yes 14 5.07
Distance to market (km)
 < 5 132 47.83
 5–10 73 26.45
 > 10 71 25.72
  1. Source: Estimated result (2017), N = 276; a denotes 1 USD = Ethiopian Birr 17