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Table 5 Tobit model result on determinants of extent of food insecurity in the study area

From: Analysis of households food insecurity and its coping mechanisms in Western Ethiopia

Explanatory variables Coefficients Std. dev. P > |t| ME (dy/dx) Std. dev. P > |t|
Settlement of the HH head −92.44 109.44 0.399 −36.72 43.7 0.40
Sex of the HH head 79.19 146.82 0.590 32.18 61.31 0.60
Age of the HH head −11.34b 4.53 0.013 −4.48b 1.78 0.013
Education status of the HH head −17.67 14.01 0.208 −6.98 5.54 0.208
Family size −30.64c 18.24 0.094 −12.11c 7.19 0.093
Dependency ratio 75.49 47.6 0.114 29.82 18.80 0.113
Livestock holding excluding Oxen and Donkey 22.68 32.83 0.49 8.96 12.97 0.489
Number of Oxen and Donkey owned 31.04 58.82 0.598 12.26 23.24 0.598
Cultivated land size 56.50 76.67 0.462 22.32 30.28 0.461
Access to irrigation 179.68c 95.25 0.06 70.98c 37.49 0.058
Farm income 0.0194b 0.0097 0.049 0.0076b 0.0038 0.047
Off-farm and non-farm income −0.0259b 0.0125 0.039 −0.0102b 0.0049 0.037
Input cost −0.0469 0.044 0.292 −0.018 0.0175 0.289
Access to training −100.17 95.85 0.297 −39.48 37.65 0.294
Frequency of extension contact −2.77 6.78 0.684 −1.093 2.68 0.683
Access to credit 392.22a 128.43 0.002 139.21a 40.64 0.001
Access to remittance and aid −262.06 207.49 0.208 − 115.09 `100.66 0.253
Distance to market 20.70b 9.25 0.026 8.18b 3.64 0.025
Constant 2287.975a 273.45 0.000    
Sigma 660.34 42.39     
Number of observations   276    
LR chi2 (18)   50.46    
Log likelihood   − 1256.72    
Prob> chi2   0.0001    
Pseudo R2   0.0197    
Observation summary 148 uncensored observations
128 right-censored observations at energy intake > = 2100kcalorie
  1. Estimated model result (2017), N = 276; where aDenotes statistically significant at 1%, bDenotes statistically significant at 5% and cDenotes statistically significant at 10%