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Table 1 Definition of variables used in the analysis

From: Does the future of a farm depend on its neighbourhood? Evidence on intra-family succession among fruit and vegetable farms in Italy

Variable category Variable Definition Unit of measure Previous studies using similar variables (effect on succession)1
Dep. variable Succession Farmer thinks that the next generation will take over the farm 1 = yes; 0 = no  
Farmer Farmer age Age of the farm-holder Age Corsi 2009 (BS); Glauben et al., 2004 (BS); Aldanondo Ochoa et al. 2007 (US); Kimhi and Nachlieli 2001 (BS); Stiglbauer and Weiss 2000 (BS)
Farmer degree Farmer has a degree 1 = yes; 0 = no Simeone 2006 (+); Corsi 2009 (−); Mishra et al. 2010 (−) Bertoni and Cavicchioli 2016a (−)
Farmer children Number of farmers’ children > 15 years old in the farm Number of children Aldanondo Ochoa et al. 2007 (−); Cavicchioli et al. 2015 (−); Mann 2007 (+)
Farm Turnover_250 The farm annual turnover is over 250,000 EUR 1 = turnover > 250,000 EUR;0 = otherwise Corsi 2009 (+); Mishra and El-Osta 2008 (+); Aldanondo Ochoa et al. 2007 (+); Kerbler 2008 (+)
Farm duration Years since the farm began Years Bertoni and Cavicchioli 2016a (+)
RPFV farm Farm type: ready prepared fresh vegetables (RPFV) 1 = yes; 0 = no Kimhi and Nachlieli 2001 (−); Bertoni and Cavicchioli 2016a (+)
Fruit farm Farm type: fruit production 1 = yes; 0 = no  
Emplwork Share of employed worked days on total annual worked days in the farm % Kerbler 2008 (−)
Workdays The annual worked days in the farm both by holder family and employees Days Aldanondo Ochoa et al. 2007 (+); Glauben et al., 2004 (+); Kimhi and Nachlieli 2001 (−)
Labour market and surrounding conditions (LMSC) Distance Distance from the headquarters of the producer organization Kilometres Aldanondo Ochoa et al. 2007 (−)
Popdens Population density at the local labour systems level Inhabitants per square kilometre Alasia et al. 2009 (+); Olper et al. 2014 (−); Bertoni and Cavicchioli 2016a (US)
Empl Employment rate at the local labour systems level % Corsi 2009 (−); Barkley 1990 (+); Alasia et al., 2009 (−); Olper et al. 2014 (+); Cavicchioli et al. 2018 (BS)
Agrshare Share of agricultural employment on total employment at the local labour systems level % Barkley 1990 (−); Larson and Mundlak 1997 (−); Corsi 2009 (+); Olper et al. 2014 (+)
Incgap Income gap between non-agricultural sectors and agricultural sector in each province (NUTS 3) Thousands EUR (GVA/worker) Barkley 1990 (−); Larson and Mundlak 1997 (−); Olper et al. 2014 (−); Bertoni and Cavicchioli 2016a (BS)
Hills Farm is located in the hills 1 = yes; 0 = no Corsi 2009
Mountain Farm is located on the mountains 1 = yes; 0 = no Glauben et al., 2004 (−)
Regional dummies Farm location in a NUTS 2 region (omitted: Lombardy) 1 = yes; 0 = no  
  1. 1(+) a linear positive effect, (−) a linear negative effect, (BS) a bell-shaped non-linear effect, (US) a u-shaped non-linear effect