Skip to main content

Table 1 IPCC scenarios

From: How to assess future agricultural performance under climate change? A case-study on the Veneto region

IPCC scenarioStory line
A1The A1 scenario describes a future world of very rapid economic growth, global population that peaks in mid-century and declines thereafter, and the rapid introduction of new and more efficient technologies. Major underlying themes are convergence among regions, capacity building, and increased cultural and social interactions, with a substantial reduction in regional differences in per capita income. The A1 scenario develops into three groups that describe alternative directions of technological change in the energy system. The three A1 groups are distinguished by their technological emphasis: fossil intensive (A1FI), non-fossil energy sources (A1T), or a balance across all sources (A1B). In this scenario, emissions will affect the global temperature.
Temperature increase: 1.4–6.4/1.4–3.8°C
A2The A2 scenario describes a very heterogeneous world. The underlying theme is self-reliance and preservation of local identities. Fertility patterns across regions converge very slowly, which results in continuously increasing global population. Economic development is primarily regionally oriented and per capita economic growth, and technological changes are more fragmented and slower than in other storylines. In this scenario, emissions will affect the global temperature.
Temperature increase: 2.0–5.4 /1.4–3.8°C
B1The B1 scenario describes a convergent world with the same global population that peaks in mid-century and declines thereafter, as in the A1 storyline, but with rapid changes in economic structures toward a service and information economy, with reductions in material intensity, and the introduction of clean and resource-efficient technologies. The emphasis is on global solutions to economic, social, and environmental sustainability, including improved equity, but without additional climate initiatives. In this scenario, emissions will affect the global temperature.
Temperature increase: 1.1–2.9/1.4–3.8°C
B2The B2 scenario describes a world in which the emphasis is on local solutions to economic, social, and environmental sustainability. It is a world with continuously increasing global population at a rate lower than A2, intermediate levels of economic development, and less rapid and more diverse technological change than in the B1 and A1 storylines. While the scenario is also oriented toward environmental protection and social equity, it focuses on local and regional levels. In this scenario, emissions will affect the global temperature.
Temperature increase: 1.4–3.8°C
  1. Source. IPCC Special Report on Emissions Scenarios