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Table 5 OLS estimates of the impact of gender on food security

From: Coping with food and nutrition insecurity in Zimbabwe: does household head gender matter?

VariablesHunger scorePoor food consumption scoreNever consumes mineralsNever consumes proteinsNever consumes iron
(I)(II)(IV)(V)(IV)
Household head is female− 0.008890.0156***− 0.005180.0213***0.0284***
 (0.0115)(0.00477)(0.00476)(0.00467)(0.00584)
Age of household head [years]− 0.00381***− 0.00166***− 0.000820***− 0.000980***− 0.000810***
 (0.000267)(0.000111)(0.000108)(0.000109)(0.000135)
Married living together− 0.01970.0173*− 0.01220.00916− 0.000982
 (0.0233)(0.00885)(0.00905)(0.00868)(0.0112)
Married living apart− 0.0982***− 0.0103− 0.0103− 0.00985− 0.0250**
 (0.0255)(0.00994)(0.0103)(0.00979)(0.0126)
Divorced/separated0.0841***0.0287***− 0.005390.0183*0.00491
 (0.0286)(0.0110)(0.0108)(0.0107)(0.0135)
Widowed/widower0.0490*0.0187*− 0.0165*0.01100.00937
 (0.0258)(0.00980)(0.00986)(0.00960)(0.0122)
Primary− 0.0820***− 0.0425***− 0.0136***− 0.0398***− 0.0411***
 (0.0135)(0.00551)(0.00463)(0.00548)(0.00650)
ZJC− 0.195***− 0.0957***− 0.0403***− 0.0847***− 0.0894***
 (0.0154)(0.00629)(0.00562)(0.00619)(0.00759)
O’ level− 0.264***− 0.117***− 0.0608***− 0.104***− 0.129***
 (0.0146)(0.00593)(0.00521)(0.00583)(0.00723)
A’ level− 0.352***− 0.159***− 0.0898***− 0.134***− 0.169***
 (0.0191)(0.00799)(0.00841)(0.00777)(0.00989)
Diploma/certificate after primary− 0.367***− 0.139***− 0.0910***− 0.119***− 0.178***
 (0.0297)(0.0107)(0.0141)(0.0109)(0.0160)
Diploma/certificate after secondary− 0.371***− 0.141***− 0.0948***− 0.131***− 0.199***
 (0.0213)(0.00765)(0.0105)(0.00753)(0.0114)
Graduate/post-graduate− 0.324***− 0.0900***− 0.0530***− 0.0879***− 0.148***
 (0.0290)(0.0103)(0.0126)(0.0103)(0.0150)
Household size0.0230***0.00196***− 0.0004220.00137**0.00636***
 (0.00173)(0.000691)(0.000672)(0.000676)(0.000847)
Proportion of female household members− 0.02240.002220.002430.0151**0.0187**
 (0.0173)(0.00712)(0.00708)(0.00700)(0.00878)
Number of mentally ill household members0.0217*0.001840.005960.005610.0110*
 (0.0128)(0.00482)(0.00438)(0.00464)(0.00571)
Number of chronically ill household members0.126***0.0244***0.0006630.0105**0.0123**
 (0.0141)(0.00531)(0.00470)(0.00502)(0.00623)
Household income [USD]− 0.000225***− 8.88e−05***− 5.53e−05***− 7.67e−05***− 0.000146***
 (9.42e−06)(3.50e−06)(4.31e−06)(3.25e−06)(5.60e−06)
The household is located in rural areas [1 if yes]0.214***0.138***0.0190***0.113***0.316***
 (0.0134)(0.00431)(0.00373)(0.00430)(0.00570)
 (0.0133)(0.00587)(0.00556)(0.00568)(0.00713)
Constant0.882***0.294***0.778***0.244***0.317***
 (0.0502)(0.0152)(0.0139)(0.0154)(0.0208)
Observations64,77965,95065,95065,95065,950
R-squared0.0630.0650.4050.0510.119
  1. Notes: Regression results control for province as well as survey year dummies. Robust standard errors in parentheses
  2. ***, **, and * indicate the 1, 5, and 10% levels of significance