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Table 1 Distribution of demographic and household characteristics in the study

From: Income and food Engel curves in Rwanda: a household microdata analysis

VariablesRural householdsUrban households
meanstd. dev.meanstd. dev.
Demographics
 Average age of household head (HH)45.8616.1441.0814.31
 Household size (average members per household)4.582.044.602.37
 Adults in household2.421.082.711.38
 Children in household2.161.601.891.67
 Ratio of household members of age less than or equal to 6 years0.190.180.160.17
 Ratio of household members between 7 and 16 years of age0.230.210.180.20
 Ratio of household members between 17-59 years of age0.490.230.610.25
 Ratio of household members of 60 years of age or more0.090.200.050.13
Education
 HH has no education (dummy = 1, 0 otherwise)0.540.490.260.43
 HH has primary education (dummy = 1, 0 otherwise)0.410.490.410.49
 HH has secondary education (dummy =1, 0 otherwise)0.040.200.200.39
 HH has university level (dummy = 1, 0 otherwise)0.010.090.130.33
 Spouse with no education (dummy = 1, 0 otherwise)0.650.470.530.49
 Spouse with primary education (dummy = 1, 0 otherwise)0.310.460.260.43
 Spouse with secondary education (dummy = 1; 0 otherwise)0.030.170.150.35
 Spouse with university level (dummy = 1; 0 otherwise)0.010.050.060.25
Location
 Southern Province(dummy = 1, 0 otherwise)0.300.450.120.33
 Western Province(dummy = 1, 0 otherwise)0.240.430.170.37
 Eastern Province(dummy = 1; 0 otherwise)0.260.440.100.30
 Northern Province(dummy = 1, 0 otherwise)0.180.380.070.26
 Kigali City (dummy = 1, 0 otherwise)0.000000.510.49a
Other household characteristics
 Household with non-farm business (dummy = 1, 0 otherwise)0.470.490.740.43
 HH is monogamous (dummy = 1, 0 otherwise)0.610.480.590.49
 Number of sampled households11,6602512
  1. aAll households located in Kigali are considered to be urban dwellers and for this reason are part of the urban household category. HH Household Head