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Table 3 The degree of impact of urbanization on livelihood of peri-urban farmers, coefficients

From: Economic linkage between urban development and livelihood of peri-urban farming communities in Ethiopia (policies and practices)

Coefficientsa
Model Economic linkage of urbanization with livelihood of peri-urban farmers Unstandardized coefficients Standardized coefficients T Sig. Collinearity statistics
B Standard error Beta Tolerance VIF
Model 1 (Constant) 5.736 0.067   85.39 0.000   
Urban expansion to peripheral areas −0.946 0.018 −0.966 −52.69 0.000 1.000 1.000
Model 2 Constant 5.801 0.064   100.7 0.000   
Urban expansion to peripheral areas −0.711 0.047 −0.726 −15.04 0.000 0.124 8.033
Attitudes and skills of farmers −0.219 0.040 −0.225 −5.435 0.000 0.169 5.900
Municipality intervention −0.039 0.035 −0.040 −1.125 0.262 0.225 4.439
  1. aDependent variable: livelihood of peri-urban farmers