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Table 5 Socio-demographic characteristics of rice farmers across the clusters

From: Microfinance services for smallholder farmers: an assessment from rice farmers’ expectations in Central Benin

Socio-demographic characteristics Clusters
Cluster 1 Cluster 2 Cluster 3
Gender (%) **
 Male 56 74.8 83.33
 Female 44 25.2 16.66
Age (%)*
 ≤30 40 11.11 10.93
 31–45 36 55.55 57.81
 ≥46 24 33.34 31.26
Education (%)*
 None 39.5 38.88 57.81
 Primary level 31.33 5.55 34.37
 Secondary level 23.5 33.33 7.81
 University level 5.67 22.22 0
Marital status (%)
 Married 70 75 62.24
 Single 30 16.66 26.53
 Divorced 0 8.33 9.18
 Widowed 0 0 2.04
Household size (%)
 ≤2 30 8.33 23.46
 3–5 30 25 43.87
 ≥6 40 66.66 28.66
Farm size (%)*
 ≤5 ha 43.5 27.77 40.63
 5–10 ha 40 55.55 34.37
 >10 ha 16.5 16.66 24.99
Share of the acreage of rice land in the farm size (%)
 ≤10% 8.33 8.33 14.46
 10–50% 75 82 80.72
 ≥51% 17 9.77 4.82
  1. *Variable showing a significant difference in the frequency distribution between clusters (p < 0.05)
  2. **Variable showing a significant difference in the frequency distribution between clusters (p < 0.01)