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Table 1 Description and summary of the variables used in the econometric models

From: Consumption smoothing and price enhancement motives for grain storage: empirical perspectives from rural Ethiopia

Variables Description Mean (std. dev)
2011-2012 2013-2014
Household characteristics    
 Male headed =1 if head is male; 0 if female 0.83 0.81
 Formal school =1 if the head attends school; 0 otherwise 0.31 0.32
 Age of head Age of the head in years 44.81 (15.09) 46.18 (14.59)
 Household size Number of household members 5.355 (2.22) 5.391 (2.24)
 Livestock holding Tropical livestock units (TLU) 3.819 (3.61) 4.153 (4.46)
 Farm size Size of cultivated land (ha) 1.598 (6.92) 1.742 (4.12)
 Area under maize Are allocated for maize (ha) 0.313 (0.97) 0.375 (1.90)
 Credit access =1 if access credit; 0 otherwise 0.243 0.240
 Non-agribusiness =1 if owns non-farm business; 0 otherwise 0.215 0.277
 Improved seed =1 if used improved seed; 0 otherwise 0.186 0.236
Climatic factors and economic environment   
 Distance to road Distance to major road (km) 17.17 (19.14) 16.80 (18.61)
 Distance to market Distance to nearest market (km) 65.63 (47.59) 66.24 (51.24)
 Distance to zone capital Distance to administration center (km) 166.9 (124.3) 164.7 (117.6)
 Annual temperature Mean annual temperature (°C) 19.78 (2.88) 19.79 (2.92)
 Temp. wet. quarter Mean temperature of wettest quarter (°C) 19.36 (2.94) 19.37 (2.98)
 Total rainfall Annual total rainfall (mm) 760.5 (232.9) 1621.8 (225.9)
Historical rainfall Historical average rainfall (2001-2013) (mm) 886.54 (248.1) 947.03(248.8)
 Rainfall wet. quarter Total rainfall of wettest quarter (mm) 425.4 (140.1) 758.2 (87.74)
Shocks   
 Production shocks =1 if reports any production shock 0.010 0.007
 Price shocks =1 if reports any price shock 0.026 0.022
 Health shocks =1 if reports any health shock 0.091 0.051
 Sample size (N) Number of observations 1393 1541