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Table 4 Determinants of maize storage and storage motives

From: Consumption smoothing and price enhancement motives for grain storage: empirical perspectives from rural Ethiopia

Variables Grain storage+ Storage motives ++
Total grain stored (kg) Per capita grain stored (kg) Consumption Price arbitrage
Male headed −97.21 −0.258 −0.022 −0.003
  (89.16) (1.244) (0.079) (0.094)
Age of head 2.198 0.000 0.001 −0.004
  (2.991) (0.042) (0.002) (0.002)
Formal school 64.37 0.981 −0.009 −0.017
  (44.52) (0.621) (0.068) (0.074)
Non-agribusiness −1.839 −0.063 −0.167** −0.097
  (52.09) (0.727) (0.066) (0.072)
Credit access 19.07 −0.585 0.102 0.125*
  (35.18) (0.491) (0.072) (0.073)
Household size 18.07 0.214 0.013 −0.018
  (12.61) (0.176) (0.014) (0.016)
Farm size 1.281 0.003 0.009 0.010***
  (1.692) (0.024) (0.006) (0.003)
Livestock holding 1.070 −0.013 0.022*** 0.038***
  (5.177) (0.072) (0.008) (0.009)
Improved storage −165.8 −0.285 4.645*** 1.104**
  (299.8) (4.182) (0.192) (0.523)
Crop protection 79.64** 3.893*** 0.548*** 0.398***
  (31.72) (0.442) (0.086) (0.071)
Preharvest loss −51.90** −0.373 −0.145** −0.165**
  (24.18) (0.337) (0.058) (0.065)
Improved seed 107.8*** 0.920 0.297*** 0.607***
  (41.76) (0.582) (0.086) (0.075)
Distance to road 3.330 0.242 0.007*** −0.005**
  (14.74) (0.206) (0.002) (0.002)
Distance to market 8.937 −0.194 −0.000 0.004***
  (13.88) (0.194) (0.001) (0.001)
Distance to zone capital 1.636 −0.006 −0.001*** −0.001***
  (4.800) (0.067) (0.000) (0.000)
Production shock 84.55 0.930 −0.020 −1.230**
  (120.0) (1.674) (0.278) (0.519)
Price shock −84.47 1.452 −0.010 0.609***
  (73.76) (1.029) (0.201) (0.166)
Health shock −84.86* −2.012*** −0.267** −0.285*
  (47.40) (0.661) (0.111) (0.149)
Annual temperature −748.5*** −6.339* 0.094** −0.146***
  (275.6) (3.844) (0.046) (0.050)
Temp. of wet. quarter 759.7*** 5.677 −0.100** 0.119**
  (266.5) (3.717) (0.046) (0.050)
Historical rainfall −0.678 0.017 0.001*** 0.001***
  (1.285) (0.018) (0.000) (0.000)
Total rainfall −0.123 −0.004** −0.001** 0.000
  (0.136) (0.002) (0.000) (0.000)
Rainfall of wet. quarter 0.114 −0.001 0.002*** 0.002***
  (0.190) (0.003) (0.000) (0.001)
Year (1 = 2013/2014) 104.7 2.658** −0.233 −0.708***
  (96.12) (1.341) (0.247) (0.271)
Constant −90.93 11.01 0.244 −2.276***
  (1532.3) (21.37) (0.313) (0.336)
ρij    0.292***
    (0.056)
pr (y1j = 1, y2j = 1)    0.140
pr (y1j = 0, y2j = 1)    0.008
pr (y1j = 0, y2j = 0)    0.172
pr (y1j = 1, y2j = 0)    0.680
pr (y1j = 1)    0.820
pr (y2j = 1)    0.147
χ2    1296.5***
F 1.764*** 4.674***  
N 2934 2934 2934
  1. +Fixed effects estimates
  2. ++Bivariate probit model estimates; standard errors in parentheses
  3. *p < 0.10
  4. **p < 0.05
  5. ***p < 0.01