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Table 1 Description and summary statistics for SF adoption decision

From: Does it pay to switch from free grazing to stall feeding? Impact of stall feeding practice on household welfare in Tigrai Ethiopia

Variables Description Non-adopters Adopters T test
Mean Mean P value
Network( assistance from relatives/friends ,ETB ) 1336.3 1508.8 0.7023
Gender (1 = if household head is male) .7643 .8395 0.2973
Education (1 = if household head is literate) 3716 .4545 0.0646
Credit (1 = if household had access to credit in 2014/2015) .2416 .2834 0.2973
Cart (1 = if household head own cart tool) .0906 .1497 0.0406
Improved (1 = if household head had breed cows) .0120 0.1122 0.0000
Information (1 = if household own Radio, TV and Mobile) .1359 .3048 0.0000
Fodder shed (1 = if household head own fodder shed) .0060 .0320 0.0209
Location (1 = if household lives above 2000m.a.s.l) .0664 .0588 0.7329
Distance to nearest road (in walking minute) 34.38 28.27 0.0363
Household head age (years) 57.66 57.26 028.27
Family labor (h) 82.31 91.19 0.1619
Farm income(Ethiopian currency, ETB; 1$24 ETB in 2015) 6689.5 5319.7 0.3284
Grazing area to household ratio(Ha/number) .0018 .0012 0.0000
Distance to free grazing (walking minute) 54.85 62.77 0.0310
Forage expense (ETB) 143.59 112.2 0.1660
Total plots owned by the household (number) 3.480 3.887 0.0236
Village Experience of SF(year) 3.214 4.331 0.0000
Distance to market (walking minuets) 79.14 78.77 0.9407
Off farm income (ETB) 3638.1 6678.8 0.2363
Value of all farm tools (ETB) 549.89 797.01 0.0625
Farm size(ha) 1.173 1.132 0.6835
Distance to nursery (walking minutes) 59.85 58.58 0.7863
Feed supplementary expense (ETB) 144.07 112.70 0.0071
Total family size (number) 5.65 6.25 0.0071
Access to animal shed (yes = 1) .0574 .1122 0.0246
Veterinary expense (ETB) 118.2 103.88 0.2018
Dependent variables in the first equation
Total herd size (TLU) 4.078 3.953 0.6520
Total milk production per household (L/day) 2.134 2.465 0.1376
Milk yield (liters per cow per day) 1.459 1.699 0.0033
Manure use (kg) per household 462.9 646.9 0.2214
Animal shock experience (yes = 1) 0.157 0.283 0.0006
Hired labor (yes = 1) 0.414 0.342 0.1084
Lactation period (months) 7.609 8.459 0.0000
Own milk and milk product consumption expenditure (ETB) 1549 1856 0.2101
Animal and animal product market participation (yes = 1) 0.514 0.540 0.5626
Animal feed purchase (yes = 1) 0.106 0.139 0.2597
Length of biophysical construction (m) 189.35 233.8 0.4816
Growing trees in plots (yes = 1) 0.224 0.305 0.0411
Number of plants planted on household plot (number) 80.466 217.35 0.0801
Keeping milking cows (yes = 1) .6465 .7272 0.0595
  1. Source: own compilation, 2015