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Table 5 Endogenous switching for FSF adoption and propensity to plant

From: Does it pay to switch from free grazing to stall feeding? Impact of stall feeding practice on household welfare in Tigrai Ethiopia

Variables (FSF=1) (FSF=0) (FSF=1/0)
Propensity to plant Propensity to plant Selection
Family size (number) 0.0877 (0.0580) 0.0922** (0.0424) 0.0718** (0.0281)
Household head age (year) 0.0157** (0.00789) 0.00745 (0.00612) − 0.00516 (0.00446)
Household head sex (male = 1) − 0.0956 (0.309) − 0.160 (0.234) 0.427** (0.183)
Household head education (literate = 1) 0.214 (0.226) 0.104 (0.184) − 0.0620 (0.139)
Distance to nearest nursery (walking minutes) − 0.00501** (0.00216) − 0.00360* (0.00201) 0.000621 (0.00133)
Social network( got assistance=1) − 3.13e-06 (2.60e-05) − 2.62e-05 (2.53e-05) 7.09e-06 (1.21e-05)
Farm size(ha) 0.0906 (0.0575) 0.0463 (0.109) 0.00148 (0.0532)
Herd size(TLU) − 0.00372 (0.0391) − 0.0267 (0.0331) − 0.0274 (0.0241)
Information access (TV, radio, and mobile =1) 0.0354 (0.272) − 0.0538 (0.283) 0.536*** (0.163)
Family Labor (h) 0.00270 (0.00181) 0.00212* (0.00115) 0.000698 (0.000917)
Hired Labor (yes = 1) − 0.726*** (0.264) − 0.229 (0.194) − 0.119 (0.140)
Location of household (highland = 1) − 0.0732 (0.416) 0.0230 (0.341) − 0.944*** (0.332)
Access to animal cart (yes = 1) 0.0314 (0.281) − 6.662*** (0.309) 0.430** (0.202)
Distance to district office (walking minutes) − 0.000628 (0.00129) 0.00152 (0.00106) − 0.00123 (0.000763)
Willingness to invest in trees (yes = 1) − 0.280 (0.231) − 0.490*** (0.180) − 0.00472 (0.131)
Animal shock experience (yes = 1)    0.380** (0.156)
Exposure of SF (year)    0.326*** (0.0492)
Constant − 1.674** (0.705) − 1.537*** (0.531) − 1.939*** (0.431)
rho1, rho0 0.0798 (0.331) − 0.388 (0.588)  
LR test of indep. eqns (PV   0.6843  
Observations 518 518 518
  1. P values are for slopes: ***P < 0.01, **P < 0.05, and *P < 0.10 = significant at 1%, 5%, and 10% probability level, respectively