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Table 15 Latent mean difference, variance and effect sizes for attitude—country comparisons (reference country: AT)

From: Consumer perception of sustainable practices in dairy production

Statistic/model Country comparison (vs. AT)
AT BE DK FI IT UK
Mean difference
 Agroforestry 0 − 0.123 0.016 0.163 0.503 0.025
 Prolonged maternal feeding 0 − 0.111 − 0.154 − 0.332 0.092 − 0.188
 Alternative protein source 0 − 0.161 0.02 0.104 0.022 − 0.164
Mean variance
 Agroforestry 1.02 0.741 1.091 0.927 0.999 1.131
 Prolonged maternal feeding 1.022 0.915 0.933 1.055 1.189 1.191
 Alternative protein source 1.202 1.153 1.03 1.112 1.192 1.225
Effect Size
 Agroforestry   − 0.131 0.016 0.165 0.501 0.024
 Prolonged maternal feeding   − 0.113 − 0.156 − 0.326 0.087 − 0.179
 Alternative protein source   − 0.155 0.020 0.101 0.021 − 0.155
Sample size (n)
 Agroforestry 306 297 296 300 329 301
 Prolonged maternal feeding 299 312 300 305 327 309
 Alternative protein source 300 292 297 299 329 299
  1. Bold indicates significant differences/effect sizes (p < 0.05)